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20th CENTURY CATALOG -4
E. W. TOWNSEND
Salisbury - Maryland
Fniit -Grower and Farmer. St. Josepli. Mo.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR ORDERING TOWNSEND'S
Orders should be sent to me as soon as possible. If you are not ready to send
all the money, send a small part and your order will be booked and shipped on receipt
of balance of payment. Or when you desire plants shipped.
Time of Shipment — From the time you receive this catalogiae until May 1st,
or in other words, from October 1st, until May 1st.
Guarantee — I guarantee that all plants leave me in perfect condition, that they
are true to name, and equal to plants sent out by any grower. And that full count
will be given. Plants are packed in light ventilated crates with plenty of fine damp
moss, (just damp, not soggy wet as I have received from many nurseries) they are
packed as light as possible to reach our customers safely. Every package is exam-
ined carefully before leaving the packing house, to see that it is correctly packed,
addressed, and properly routed. We deliver to the express agent, (or freight agent)
taking his receipt for same, making him responsible for the prompt delivery of the
shipment and in few cases have we ever had that shipments did not arrive safely and
promptly. But in case they do not I should be advised promptly, as I desire all
claims to be made within five days within time the goods should have arrived. T
have had so few complaints from my customers m our many years dealings of plants
not proving true to name it seems hardly worthy to add the old customary language.
But in order to protect myself it is well to still continue as the trade laws demand.
Namely that in case that any plants prove untrue to name I am only responsible for
the purchase price. Remember particular — That all claims must be made within five
days from receipt of plants.
TWENTY-FIVE — All plants are tied twenty-five (26-to-30) in a bundle.
Terms of payment — No matter what your financial standing please do not ask
credit, our terms are the same to all and everyone, rich and poor are our friends
and customers. I know no difference, each one receives the same careful and prompt
attention and each^order, whether for twenty-five plants or .5,000,000, is treated just
The best way to remit is by money order on Salisbury postoffice CMd.), but you
can send registered letter, bank draft, or check from known parties will l5e accepted,
also postage stamps for the fractional part of $1. I acknowledge all orders the day
they are received.
Reference — Salisbury First National Bank, all express and railroad companies,
and hundreds of satisfied customers.
Shipping Facilities — Our shipping facilities are unsurpassed. We have trains
leaving going every direction every few hours in the day. We have the Adams
What to Do With Two Catalogues — Please hand one to your neighbor.
You Take No Risk — In sending me your order you are absolutely safe. I promise
to send just what you order or refund your money. If you make your order out
according to my instructions I guarantee to please you.
Pasadena. Texas, April 29, 1912.
E. W. Townsend,
Dear Sir: Plants arrived in fine shape after being on the road five days. I
am well pleased with entire lot a,s ihey are all good, healthy plants, and well
packed, which accounts for the good condition they arrived in. Off the .5,000 Klon-
dykes I got from you last year I have already picked 210 crates of 24 quarts and
the patch is good for 100 m.ore. If 1 do as well from these 1 just received I w'll
feel satisfied. It pays to buy good plants if yon df have to send across the conti-
nent for them. Thanking you for your piompt se"\ice and fair treatment, I am
T. A. DUFFIELD.
How is That? 7,440 Quarts Klondykes to the Acre,
Does it Pay to Get Town-
E.W. TOWN SEND. SALISBURY. MARYLAND
The Home of the Townsend Nursery, From a
Small Beginning in 1900, Now One of
the Largest in the World
A little less than thirteen j'ears ago I packed and shipped my first crate of Strawberry
plants. They were shipped under the name of E. W. Townsend & Co. The 20th Cen-
tury dawn had not made its appearance at this date. The few plants that were grown
and shipped by me in the beginning were grown and shipped by the same methods as all
other plant growers were using at that time. At this time I was general manager of one
of the largest Berry Growers' Companies in the Eastern states. I had the pleasure for
several years of unpacking plants from nearly all of the leading plant nurseries in the
United States, and the pleasure of testing hundreds of varieties that were being tried
E. W, Townsend.
out by this Company, in order to secure the best varieties for our use. I took up the
plant business as a side line under my own management. My office was flooded each
ear with almost every strawberry catalog that was printed in the country. I read and
reread them all. There was only one in the bunch that came to me each year that
appealed to me. This one had the tone of the 20th Century ideas, and seemed to bear on
my mind as the only one that a fellow could follow, and in fact had many of my own
ideas incorporated. I prepared the soil as this book advised; I ordered plants from this
firm; I watched the difference year after year; I read and reread their annual book; I
practiced their methods. I was not long in learning a great deal more about plant life
than I had ever known before.
It had been the custom with our firm each year to dig our supply of plants from
the middle of the row and let the beds stand for fruiting purposes. This method was
practiced year after year, with no thought of plant selection — anything was set out in the
fields just so it was a plant.
OUR stock would soon run down, the yield would become lighter each season. It
was a byword in every community that certain varieties were not holding up as to pro-
ductiveness as they did when first introduced, etc.
THE BEGINNING OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY IDEAS
'My first trial with plants of selected stock proved to me that it was a success from
the start. I went into the work with all my heart and soul, mind and strength; deter-
mined to see even a greater improvement in plant life. I studied the habits of the straw-
TOWNSEND'S 20th CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
J^^^^ ^H ^" its different forms. I found that there were many things necessary to bring
S^«"* }^^^ "^^""^ needed reforms. In the first place, I found that not enough care wai
^! J^A^K in preparing the soil for the crop; second, there was a great improvement to
^«f?^^*^^ ^^^ P^^"* selection and plant breeding; third, there had not been the proper
methods used in cross fertiization— these were the main points that I found wanting in or-
der to produce a better and larger crop of fruit. ^ w i. ug ui
*v, ^ "^l^^i^^® up. first the three important points as in order above and try to explain
the methods used in growing Townsend's Thoroughbreds, why they are called Thorough-
bred, and why they have gained a nationwide reputation. c c^ cu iuuiuugii
PREPARING THE SOIL
-^^^'l"^^?^^ 1^^^ the soil shall be prepared in proper condition the work must begin
one year in advance of the setting of the plants. In the first place, the soil should be
plowed deep and put in fine, mellow condition. The proper plant foods should be applied
as the soil niay need. Here we find a great many remedies, and it is necessary, as we
^ust surely find a great many different kinds of soil and conditions of soil. Some need
4ime and, in fact, in most cases lime is needed. Where lime is needed we should apply
iat least two tons per acre. I prefer lime in the raw state, as it then begins its active
;work just when it is needed most. Wood ashes may be used with like effect, and some
nimes come handy. When ashes are used we use according to the strength of the ashes:
Aii^°4.*i-' ''^^ wood ashes, four tons per acre; if pine or soft wood ashes, more may be used.
-All this should be thoroughly incorporated in the soil before the leguminous crop is
planted. Potatoes, Tomatoes, Cow Peas or Vetch make good leguminous crops. After
the crop is harvested I recommend, where convenient, ten tons of barnyard manure to
the acre broadcast and then plowed, the plowing to lay until early spring when the soil
as dry enough to work to pieces, after thoroughly harrowing and the soil is fine and
smeUow. I advise drilling 400 pounds of good commercial fertilizer to the acre about two
"weeks before planting. The fertilizer should have a large per cent potash, as potash is
a very essential part in plant growth as well as fruit. Therefore potash should not be
overlooked in the growing of strawberries. After the fertilizer is properly worked deep
in the soil we roll our land smooth and mark rows three and one-half to four feet apart,
and set plants twenty to thirty inches in the row. Shallow and often cultivation is nec-
essary from two weeks after plants are set until frost. The oftener the strawberry
patch is worked the less the labor bill, and it becomes a pleasure to work a clean patch
where it seems a burden to work in a foul, grassy patch. The writer knows, for he has
been in both kinds. Next in order is the
SELECTION OF PLANTS
In the first place, there is a vast difference in plants of the same variety. Most
all growers have no doubt noticed this point. Some plants will be productive, others
moderately productive and others almost barren, and, in fact, some that does never
send up a fruiting bud or crown. It Is the above facts that have made the selection of
plants necessary. This fact was not thought of in the beginning of strawberry growing in
this country, and, in fact, was not thought of for many, many years. And still another
fact: It is practiced but very little in the United States to date. There are very
few nurserymen that mention the subject at all and some are finding fault with the
method of plant selection, I am very sorry to say, and claim that there is no way on
earth to improve a variety except to improve the soil conditions.
Now my method is to select all my plants for my breeding plot, selecting only the
plants (that are to become the mother plants) that show extraordinary strength in
crown growth. These plants are set in what we call a breeding plot. The runner plants
from these selected plants must inherit from the parent the full strength of the parent
plant. This selection is carried on from year to year and instead of a variety running
down it may be built up and greatly improved from year to j^ear until its productiveness
has been increased even fourfold.
I have letters on file where my selected Thoroughbred Plants have produced four times
that of plants with no selection (same variety tested).
A Texas Grower says: "Your plants produced over 10,000 quarts per acre when the
average in this section was less than 2,500 quarts of the same variety" (the Klondyke
was the variety in question).
To any fair minded man this method of breeding and selection is plain and simple.
A variety may be built up, or may be run down, just as one has a. choice. Taking the
plants from the middle of the rows year after year without any selection will certainly
cause a fellow not t© need many pickers and his crate bill will also be light. If he fol-
lows the Twentieth Centuir ideas, he will have to look out for more pickers, and his
expenses for crates, etc., will be greatly increased. My Dear Growers, it is up to you.
You may have seen the going of many good varieties, you say. So you have. And
y.ou can see the going of them all if you practice our old methods.
You may go get the old, run-down variety and use the up-to-date 20th Century meth-
ods and bring it back to its former productiveness, and even keep on and make it more
productive than it was when first originated.
You do not have to buy plants from me or any other nursery that is using the plant
selection breeding method, but you can do the same work if you follow my instructions
as I am trying to give them. But I wish to impress on your mind with all the power at
my command: If you are going to place your order with a plant grower for your stock
of plants with which you expect to grow a crop from to support your family or probably
pay off that mortgage, buy your plants from a nursery that uses plant selection for its
foundation. We come to the third:
E.W.TOWNSEND. SALISBURY, MARYLAND
We have learned through close and careful attention that in our former methods in
pollenizing imperfect varieties with perfect varieties, that we were not at all times
correct. The old method was to set out four to eight rows of the imperfect variety, then
one of the same season of a perfect sort. We have found that tiiis method fails in
many cases and in almost nine out of ten.
THE PROPER WAY TO POLLENIZE (OR FERTILIZE)
Where a main portion of the field is to be of an imperfect variety, set as follows:
Begin with a row of some perfect variety with season a few days earlier than the im-
perfect variety, then set three or not over four rows of your imperfect variety; follow
with a row of some perfect variety that ripens a week later than the imperfect variety,
and follow this style until the field is planted. The idea is this: The first perfect variety
is to be sure to catch the first blooms from the imperfect variety, and the later perfect
variety to be sure to catch all the later blooms. Secure perfect varieties that are rich
with pollen, as many so-called perfect sorts are not sufficient in pollen to fertilize, the
imperfect bloom probably has sufficient pollen for its own use and no more and many
times we have found that when some perfect sorts were planted near a perfect variety
rich in pollen they were greatly benefited. I mention a few old standard varieties for the
reader's benefit. The Gandy is one that is deficient in pollen; the Klondyke another, and
many more I could mention.
I have tried to make this part of my book as plain to you as possible, and 1 trust that
I have not failed. Believe me, I had much rather have you take up the 20th Century
method of growing strawberries than to receive any money that you could send me for
an order of plants. It is the better fruit that the great cities are calling for and more of
it. The supply of good fruit is always short. It is the common trash that goes a-begging.
It costs no more to grow an acre of good berries than an acre of common; the only saving
is in the picking and hauling as I have said before, and that saving goes in the wrong
pocket. It is not the number of acres you set, but the numbe* of quarts you get.
Never set more acres than you can properly cultivate.
Many a poor fellow has tried to get rich in one season and set ten acres when he
could only properly cultivate two. His profit would have been far greater if he h&d only
set out the two. A few acres of properly selected plants well arranged for and well
cared for will show better returns than any other crop of fruit ever grown.
It is the right start that brings the results every time. I am proud of the fact that
I have already helped hundreds of berry growers in almost every state to start right:
they are finding strawberry growing more profitable than any other occupation. Their
many letters, of which I print only a small part, are very encouraging to me. and make
me strive each year to try to produce the best it is possible to produce for them.
The demand for my plants has grown year by year bv leaps and bounds from every
corner and it is almost impossible for me to supply the demand, and my small annual
catalog is about all the advertising I do. Very little advertising is done bv me through
the farm papers. I leave it to my Customers to do my advertising. I have' found to my
entire satisfaction that their advertising pays well.
I can properly say more than any other plant grower in the business. I received more
orders the past season than the number of catalogs I mailed.
THE DAWN IS BREAKING
I believe that the dawn is breaking on the 20th Century ideas. I believe that the
calls for cheap plants, cheap seeds, cheap trees, cheap stock, will be less and less every
year. I believe that there is to be a great awakning along these lines in the very
near future. I have noticed for the past few years that in sections of the countrv where
It was almost impossible to sell good plants at their worth, that thev are now calling for
the best that can be grown and insist in getting only the best, no matter what the cost.
Of course, there are a great many sections that this awakening spirit has not reached,
but they are sure to follow. The cheap, shoddy nursery stock that cnce was in demand will
be no longer sought for even at the very lowest price. In mv mail this morning was a
price list from a concern quoting me peach trees, in lots of ten, at two cents each:
apple trees at three cents each. I have prices from a reliable nursery companv. near mv
home. Their prices are twenty-five cents per peach tree and thirty- five to fortv-five cents
per apple tree. The latter firm has a reputation at fetake. Their stock is the best that it
IS possible to grow. I shall place my order with the latter firm. 1 have faith in their
stock. I am willing to give them a profit and try to encourage them to keep up the great
work they have begun.
n.v. ^on't plant heavy of varieties until they have been tested in vour immediate localitv
Ihe list of varieties is now entirely too long. It is mv intention each season to discard as
many of the less desirable varieties as possible and thus keep the list as short as possible
ihis of course, is a very slow process, as there are many new varieties coming to the
front each season that must be given space, and these almost offset the reductions made
in the old varieties discarded.
It is true that there are being some great improvements made in the wav of new in-
Ii;°^onl°"n' especially the new race of berries (ever^bearing v-arieties Thev are TeaU v
I^f..^^*^^,^^"*"•?:Tu"^^''' """^ °"e ^5" '^^'^^^'y believe, after growing and fruiting them tnd
TOWNSEND'S 20th CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
HELP YOU TO SELECT THE PROFITABLE VARIETIES
Hundreds of my customers leave the selection of the varieties to me. This work is
all done by me personally. And I am proud to say that T seldom fail to give entire satis-
faction when an order is sent to me with these instructions. When sending your order
for me to use my best judgment just mention what season you wish varieties to ripen in,
how many of each season, whether for home use, local market or for distant shipment. I
guarantee to please you.
DO YOUR NEIGHBOR A KINDNESS
Townsend's Catalog, while never as large as some growers send out, is read every
season and then filed for future reference by the leading berry growers of the world. It
is in demand by the leading- horticultural societies. The agricultural experiment stations
apply for two copies at least every year. It is intended that this book shall contain nothing
but facts, and to meet the need of every berry grower. Tour neighbors would appreciate
a copy if they are not already receiving same. It might be the means of starting ^them on
the road to success, as it certainly has many a poor fellow If you will send the names
of your neighbors to me I will do the rest. A little deed of kindness, be it ever so little,
has helped many a man to reach the goal. I thank you for your order, also the names of
TOWNSEND'S CUSTOMERS PROSPEROUS
Growers who order my plants year after year and practice my methods are in the
front rank of berry growers in the United States. They are making their berry crops
profitable investments. They find the work a pleasure as well as profitable, and are satis-
WHY OUR PLANTS ARE EXTRA LARGE AND HAVE SUCH A LONG
FIBROUS ROOT SYSTEM
First, they are bred from selected stock that has all the power possible to bring
forth a well developed offspring. Our soil is deep, loose and fertile; the roots penetrate
deep in the loose soil; the looseness of the soil causes the roots to spread and causes a
great fibrous root system to build up; the plants are easily dug from a soil of this
kind and the wonderful root system remains intact until they reach their journey's end. The
moisture from the Atlantic keeps the plants free from diseases; the long seasons give
them ample time to build up a wonderful system. The air is always moist on the eastern
shore of Maryland. We do not suffer nearly as much by drouth as they do inland a hun-
dred miles. We are directly between the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay.
It is hard to find a section of the country where my plants are not being grown.
If you have never tried Townsend's Thoroughbreds write me. I will give you the names
of parties near you who have been to see my plants in fruiting season. This would be the
best advertising I could name. I could refer you to many of the largest association man-
agers in the United States who could show you fields after fields.
MY CUSTOMERS ARE MY BEST SALESMEN
I try to grow the best for them it is possible for me to grow. I put ray whole time
in this business from Christmas to Christmas. They do the selling. Their kind words
keep me cheerful while I am hard at work for them. I went into this business looking for'^nd
expecting success. I am proud to say that I have not been disappointed. But on the other
hand my success has been far beyond my own expectations. Here is the secret: I have
done my best to please every customer that I have ever filled an order for. In most
cases I have succeeded. They have spread the news to their neighbors and friends
until Townsend's name has become a household word. Townsend's , Thoroughbreds are
known everywhere that strawberry growing is practiced to any great extent.
A WONDERFUL PLEASURE TO ME
It would be a wonderful pleasure to me to meet every friend and customer face to face
and have a hearty hand shake and talk the business over in our own way. This will
hardly be possible on earth. But our dear old friend. Uncle Sam, has provided a way by
his messenger that we are not very far apart and we can tell each other our troubles
and our wants and we are only neighbors after all.
Anyone wishing to set a family patch and I will furnish enoug-h of my Thorough-
not knowing what varieties will suit their bred plants to set one acre for $16. Seven
wants best, just write for this collection. thousand plants, my own selection, will fur-
I will give them my whole life experience in nish all early, all mid-season early to late
filling this order. No matter Avhere you or late. I will furnish only varieties that
are situated I can please vou, and will give are adapted to your locality and guarantee
you varieties that will bear fruit almost to please you. I have been making this
continuslly from early spring until late in offer for several seasons and find it one of
the fall. This collection will include the my very best for making new FRIENDS.
Fall Bearing sort, (ever bearing) and you If you are a new beginner this offer should
will be more than delighted with my make certainly appeal to YOU.
up. 500 plants for $5.00: 1,000 plants for REMEMBER— 7,000 Good Plants for only
$10.00 by express prepaid. $16.00— My own selection.
E.W.TOWNSEND, SALISBURY, MARYLAND
Please do not forget to send in the names of your friends, that they may receive a
copy of this book, free.
I will appreciate also a photograph of your berry field, showing Townsend's Thorough-
I also wish to hear from every little boy and girl that received my offer of the past
season. Also their photographs. The best letter with photo will receive 1,000 fall bearing
plants free. This will mean a small fortune to any boy or girl in a few yea^s.
Short crop of plants in nearly all sections of the country, especially the "West.
At this writing, October 1st, I have received many letters from the leading plant
growers throughout the country saying the i.lant crop was almost an entire failure with
many of them. Many said that they would not do any advertising at all and would have
to make their prices much higher. Many of them wanted to contract with me for a large
supply to fill their orders. To all of these growers I have stated that I am in a position
to take care of a great many of their customers, and that their orders may be filled
direct from my nurseries.
NO PLANT SHORTAGE WITH ME
I have the largest acreage in plants that I have ever grown and considerably more
plants to the acre. In fact, my crop is high-water mark, both in quantity and qualitj'. I
am making extra preparations for the largest season in my business, and expect to be
able to take care of all my customers in the usual manner. And if they will favor me
with their orders in time I promise that all will be filled perfectly satisfactorily in every
respect, both in quality of plants and prompt shipments.
PRICE NOT INCREASED
I shall not increase my prices this season, but, in fact, shall make many varieties
lower in price, especially on my new varieties that I have a large stock of for the first
time. I shall not charge over five dollars per thousand in thousand lots for any variety
except the fall bearing sorts, and the bulk of the standards will be priced at the usual
prices of $2.50 to 83.00 per 1,000. I realize that I could get double the price I shall quote
this season, but this I shall not do. I feel thankful that I have been enabled to grow this
fine crop of plants, and I want tc show my appreciation by dividing my good fortune with
my thousands of customers and show them that I have the live and let live spirit.
ORDER EARLY, PLEASE
I truly hope and believe that you will do this. I want all my customers to be at
the first table. I shall have plenty for them and plenty to spare. By doing this you will
assure ourselves of not being shut out and will also cause many a poor fellow to get
plants that might not be able to do so if you delay your orders. I assure you that it
will not cost you any more to place that order early than at the last moment, and you
will have even more than that advantage. Tou will be sure of getting just what you
order. You certainly were prompt in sending in your orders the past season. It was a
gregyt help to me. I hope that it was to you. The bulk of my orders the past season were
booked in January, soon after the catalog had reached your hands.
NO SUBSTITUTION UNLESS YOU SAY THE WORD
If it happens that you cannot get your order in early or do not receive this catalog
until very late I will thank you to give your second choice when selecting your varieties.
Unless you do this I shall return j'our money for the varieties I am sold out of.
Describing Varieties of Strawberries
This is the catalog writer's hardest task in compiling the book. As there are so
many varieties on the list with almost the same description and sometimes just the same
description will answer for several varieties. It is my desire to make the descriptions as
brief as possible, and give the true description as the variety has behaved with me to-
gether with reports received from other sources. One reading over the lists in the various
catalogs is sometimes led to believe that there are no bad ones, but all good, better and
best. There are few varieties in existence that are good in every locality. Thus it be-
comes very important that one should be familiar with the variety before setting larsrelv
of it. Tour nurseryman can often be of great benefit to you in selecting for you. It has
been my purpose for years to encourage growers to grow a small testing plot each season.
This testing plot proves both profitable, and it is a great pleasure in growing and watching
their behavior. I prepare special collections each season for this purpose, or one may
test out my entire list, 2 5 plants, each with a very small cost, and it does not require much
space to set and grow the plants. My own testing plot is mv greatest pleasure rc<?ort
each season. It is here that I learn all about them and am thus enabled lo rick out the
favorites and discard the unfavorable sorts.
TOWNSEND'S 20th CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
Uncle Sam (Per). This variety was sent
me from St. Louis, Mo., spring of 1907, in
competition for a prize for the best dozen
plants of an extra early variety. I will
say that it easily won the prize, both in
foliage and fruit. It is by far the strong-
est plant grower of all the extra early
varieties. Plants strong and stalky, dark
and healthy appearance. Free from rust.
Fruit extra large and holds the size well
until the last pickings. As firm as one
could wish for any distance shipments.
Color very dark red when fully ripe; ripens
red all over, no green tips, and the dark
color extends clear to the center. Fruit
is quite acid until very ripe, but the fla-
vor is considered grand and one of its
strongest points. Is productive enough to
grow 10,000 quarts to the acre under
proper cultivation. The Uncle Sam fruited
them make their stay with the growers
very short, in fact, ninety per cent are
discarded after the first trial. It has
been the policy of the writer for many
years to test almost every new variety
that comes under his notice. Thus it
can be readily seen that I have seen the
going of many new varieties, and have
had the pleasure also of being among the
first to get all the good ones that have
been introduced. The Missionary was
picked up by me as a come-by-chance va-
riety. I fruited it two seasons in a small
way. I soon found that it had unusually
strong points for a commercial berry, be-
ing exceedingly firm and attractive. I
shipped them to Boston and had them
returned to me by express. I found they
reached me in good, sound condition aft-
seven days. I at once sent them to the
Brandywine, one-half natural size.
a heavy crop the past season, when the
Excelsior, planted by its side, was an en-
tire failure. Its heavy foliage is a great
frost protector. After testing this va-
riety with the Excelsior once, one would
never think of planting the Excelsior
again I have placed the price in reach
of all this season and have a good supply
of plants, as will be seen by cut.
Excelsior (Per). One of the old-time bests.
Needs no description.
Lady Townsend (Per). Extra early. Good,
free plant maker, fruit medum to large,
quality fine. An excellent market va-
riety and particularly fine for family use.
Oaks Early (Per). A free plant maker, does
well on any soil. Fruit medium in si^e,
quality good. Is a great favorite in the
South, and as far North as Delaware. One
of the very best shippers.
Climax (Per). For many years this has
been a leader as an early variety in many
of the largest berry growing sections.
Has a strong, clean plant, particularly
hardy and a sure cropper. In fact, has
a record of 20,000 quarts to the acre.
Needs low, springy soil to do its best. It
is a sure money maker every season.
Does well in most sections. Fruit large,
moderately firm, quality ordinary.
(Townsend's) Missionary (Per). (Early). A
few words from the introducer of the
Missionary strawberry. It is a known
fact that there are more new varieties of
strawberries introduced each year than
all other new fruits combined. Many of
er being banged about by the express for
state of Florida for trial, this being the
spring of 1906. I did not send them there
with any strong claims. I merely asked
the growers to give them a trial and
report results. Here are the results: In
less than three years from the time the
berry was introduced in the state of
Florida the Polk county berry growers
alone asked for three million plants. To-
day it is the best known variety in every
Southern state, has given entire satisfac-
tion in every section of the Southern
states, and indeed the writer has never
heard a complaint from any section of the
country. The large associations in the
Southwest and the West are discarding
the Klondyke for the Missionary. For
the past four seasons I have never been
able to supply the demand for the plants.
And the growers have been equally unable
to supply the demand for the fruit. It
has the quality — that's the point. You
ask why it is called Townsend's Mission-
ary. I give you the reason. About 1910,
all Florida growers wanted the Missionary
plants (this being the first name). There
were but few of them in the hands of the
plant growers at that time. But as the
demand was so great many of the so-
called nurseries filled orders for Mission-
ary with anything thej' had like straw-
berry plants. The next season the grow-
ers of Florida called for Townsend's Mis-
sionary, hence the name, Townsend, pre-
ceding Missionary. Three-fourths of the
plants shipped by me the past season were
of the Missionary variety. The season
of 1913 has been one of the best for me
to grow plants. I planted a large acre-
age and will be able to furnish something
like eight to ten million plants.
E.W.TOWNSEND. SALISBURY. MARYLAND
If it is a strictly Fancy Early variety wanted, take this one. Guaranteed to please.
Baltimore (Per). Since fruiting the Balti-
more again I am more than ever pleased
with its behavior. The past season was
the dryest berry season we growers have
ever experienced in the East, many va-
rieties drying completely up on the vines
and not being picked at all. The Balti-
more was in a testing plot where there
were 65 varieties, about 10 of its own
season, and it came out far ahead of any
other variety in the plot. Hundreds of
berry growers visited my testing plots
during the picking season and every one
who visited the plot was struck on the
Baltimore, and many stated that it was
by far the best in the lot, which was cer-
tainly true. The tops of the Chesapeake
dried up and the fruit turned brown,
where, only a few feet distant, the Bal-
timore never withered bj' the drouth. In
a favorable season the size and quality
of the Chesapeake is very good and hard
to beat, but it is more quickly affected
by the drouth than the Baltimore. The
size of fruit is large and uniform, not
overly large, but almost every berry looks
like it came out of the same mold. Has
a beautiful color and colors all over and
red to the center. Flavor mild and sweet.
top shaped as shown in cut. There is
only one close competitor of the Balti-
more and that is the Joe .Tohnson. Where
a medium to late variety is wanted these
two varieties should be added. The stock
of plants is small this season and the Bal-
timore plants can only be sold in small
lots. Don't fail to try them this season.
Joe Johnson (Per). Season, mid-season to
late. This variety is being offered to
the public this season for the first time,
notwithstanding the fact that it has been
grown and tested in this country for sev-
eral years. It seems that no one knows
just where it came from, but that does
not alter the fact that it is one of the
most profitable varieties that are being
grown in this country to date. I saw
this variety in fruit the past season along
with se^-eral others of our very best va-
rieties that ripen about the same season,
and it was miles ahead of its closest
competitor, the Chesapeake not excepted.
It is a larger berry than the Chesapeake,
ripens a few days earlier, has the finest
appearance of any strawberry I have seen.
Colors all over, no green tips, and has the
largest calyx of any berr>' I have seen. This
greatly adds to its beauty. The flavor
is all one could wish for, foliage and
plants are perfect; shows no sign of rust.
I have seen it on several different soils
and it seemed to do equally as well on
one as the other. I predict a great suc-
cess for this new variety, and as I con-
^larch 30. 1912.
Mr. E. W. Townsend.
Dear Sir: Inclosed please find check for
$S0. The plants ."^eem to be in good condi-
tion. I will take them home today.
W. T. ETHERIDGE.
R. F. D. No. 4 Norfolk, Va.
TOWNSEND'S 20th CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
Th'e greatest Southern Commercial Berry. Buy your plants from the orig-inator.
trol a large supply of plants this season,
It is being introduced under most favorable
circumstances, as the price will not inter-
fere with anyone wishing to test it. Price,
$5.00 per ,.1,000; $1.00 per 100; no less
than 100 plants sold.
First Prize (Per). For the first time I am
able to offer this variety at a price within
the reach of all berry growers. I have
had this variety under test for several
seasons and it has been sent out to all
sections of the country and has proven
a great success, and the demand today is
greater for this variety than any one on
my list. It seems to be as near a perfect
variety as it would be possible to get. I
describe it as follows: Early in season,
but 1 ot an extra early bloomer, foliage
beautiful, plants strong and healthy, with
a wonderful root system, not a blemish
of rust ever shows on them, sets plants
just right for a good crop, and every plant
is a fruiter; is as productive as one could
wish, fruit extra large and is classed every •
where grown as stricily fancy, has a
double calyx that remains green until the
fruit is decayed, no matter how dry the
season. Color bright scarlet with a mild
flavor resembling the wild strawberry, is
firm enough in most cases to be classed
with the good shipping varieties. While
it has not a tough skin, the berry is much
lighter in weight than most varieties,
which adds to its carrying qualities. I
have grown them every year for the past
seven years and it has not failed each
season to produce a fine crop. It sells
for more money at the loading stations
here than any variety that goes to the
market. I sent this variety out with a
guarantee to please or refund the pur-
chase price. Several hundred orders were
shipped in this way two years ago and
not a single complaint has ever been
made. Every strawberry grower should
test this variety this season as it is a
sure winner. The pr:-ce Ibis season is $5.00
per 1,000, with lesser quantities as per
price list. I shall set several acres for
fruit this season, as this is the first time
I have been able to get a stock of plants
so that I could set them by the acre.
Early Queen (Per). Early to mid-season;
crimson color, somewhat wedge shaped,
colors all over, large to extra large, very
attractive, flavor fine, yields heavy, a
strong plant maker and a great drouth
resister, an excellent variety and one
that is becoming my very best seller, has
been thoroughly tested in almost every
state in the Union and seems to do well
Chipman (Per). A very good all around va-
riety, size medium, of the Klondyke type,
suitable for either home or commercial
purposes, very productive and ripens its
crop in a few days, plants small and up-
right, does best in northern sections.
E.W.TOWNSEND. SALISBURY. MARYLAND
CopjTight 1913, E. "W. Townsend.
Success (Per). A variety that has made
good on its own merits, has never had
any boastful advertising, but when once
sold in a community becomes a favorite;
fruit large to extra large, good quality,
firm and productive; has a fine appear-
ance. Plants strong and healthy.
Nanticoke (Per). Early to midseason. This
variety covers a long season, is a sure
cropper and a general favorite wherever
grown, fruit medium sized of the very
best quality, very productive, firm, bright
color, red to the center, resembling the
Marshall in many respects, to which I
think it related.
Roadside (Per). An early to midseason va-
riety, has its greatest popularity in the
state of Delaware, where it is grown for
shipping purposes, very productive, fruit
medium in size and quality, moderate plant
Maple (Per). Season early, a great plant
maker, fruit medium size, with fine color
and flavor, a good one for family use.
Ekey (O. I. C.) Per). This variety is
known by two names at least, and is a
general favorite wherever grown, is a
maker of extra large plants, that holds
the fruit well from the ground, plants
show no blemish of rust and is a sure
cropper, fruit large and pointed with ex-
tra fine flavor, firm and productive, will
sell well, ship well and eat well. Is
largely grown in all the berry districts of
the East, and known by most grower?
as the Ekey. T have a fine supply of
plants at low prices.
Imp Lady Thompson (Per). This is an old
tried variety and does not need any de-
scription, has always had its greatest
popularity in the South, but the Mission-
ary knocked them out in many of their
strongholds. I always grow a large lot
of Tompson plants and usually sell out.
Copyright 1913, E. "^■'. Townsend.
My stock is fine this season and I can
supply all who send me their orders.
Kiondyke (Per). Medium early and popular.
Needs no description, as it is generally
grown all over the country. I will add
that my stock of Kiondyke plants is prob-
ably larger than grown by any other plant
grower in the country and all are from
selected stock and will bear two quarts,
where plants set from fields with no se-
lection will bear one. I have plenty of
customers that back me up in this state-
ment and some of them even make it
stronger than the above. If you are in the
market for Kiondyke let Townsend sup-
ply you. My prices are low and better
stock cannot be had. I sell more Kion-
dyke and ^Missionary plants every season
than any other nurseries in the world.
I supply the leading berry associations
with these varieties by the hundreds of
thousands. Let me know your wants be-
fore you place your order this season.
Samples and testimonials will be furnished
Highland (Imp). A grower of strong up-
right plants, very productive and good
ouality of fruit, moderate plant maker,
fruit large, is mostly grown in the "U'est.
Not a favorite in some sections.
Tenn, Prolific (Per). This is an old true va-
riety. Needs no description. Has been
on the list a long lime and is likely to
remain a long time yet. Fruit large and
good quality, very productive.
Helen Davis fPer). Fruit medium to large,
of very good quality. Plants are produc-
tive, makes a strong growth and is prov-
ing very promising with all the larere
growers. Holds up well in size and cal>-x
remains green, coloi crimson \o the ren-
ter. Firm enouerh for a good shipper. The
ouality is one of its strongest v^oints. This
is a variety that you will not go wrong
in planting. T have a fine stock of Thor-
ouehbred plants to offer v.-in thw .jf-.-v-
TOWNSEND'S 20th .CENTU RY CATALOG No. 24
Senator Dunlap (Per). A general favorite
in many sections of the country, and one
of our very best sellers, a variety that
will suit anyone for most any use, a
strong- grower and healthy, although plants
are usually very small. The fruit is me-
dium to large and with excellent quality.
Dark red and glossy seeds show promi-
nent, making it a very beautiful as well
as useful variety. If you have never tried
the Dunlap I would advise trying them
this season. I have yet to hear from any
section where it failed, although it has
not been planted nearly as much in the
South as in the North. I have a fine
stock and prices are low.
Hoffman (Per). An old favorite, fruit ex-
tra fine but not prolific. Many better
ones to be had.
Virginia (Imp). A good variety and a sure
cropper. Good, strong plant maker, free
from rust, fruit mediumi in size, firm and
of good quality. Very productive, a gen-
eral favorite. Does well when set with
Lea (Per). Introduced only a few seasons
ago, but seems to be gaining ground, fruit
medium in size, quality ordinary, color
bright red, very firm, an excellent plant
maker and free from rust. I recommend
it for trial.
Hefiin Early (Per). A very popular variety
in some sections, but a failure in others.
Has its greatest popularity in the Caro-
linas and Virginia. Fruit extra large and
good quality, but very shy bearer.
New Superior (Per). This is of the old Su-
perior type, a great plant maker and in
fact must be kept cut out to give best re-
sults. If not allowed to grow too thickly
in bed is one of the very best varieties to
date. Fruit large and fine quality, al-
ways reaching market in splendid condi-
tion, no matter how the weather. This is
one of the productive sorts and should
be grown in all sections where the early
frost is a danger. It is a continuous
bloomer and if killed down will then bear
a full crop. Recommended especially for
the North, although will carry well from
Florida to Boston, and is doing well in
Saxton, Pa., April 17, 1912.
Dear Sir: I received my plants on the
12th in fine shape, well packed, as nice, if
not the nicest plants I ever received from
any nursery, and I have got from a good
many. Thanks for the Aromas you sent me
free. It has been too wet to plow, but have
them heeled in good. Hope I will have
good luck with them.
Yours very truly,
D. M. RAMSEY.
E.W.TOWNSEND. SALISBURY, MARYLAND
Copyright 1913, E. "W. Townsenc
St. Louis (Per). A good early sort for home
market or northern parts of the United
States. A free plant maker with extra
long root system and stands the drouth
well. A sure cropper. Fruit light scar-
let, size extra large, but not firm enough
for a shipping b-jrry only to close mar-
kets. Very productive.
Early Ozark (Per). This is a general fa-
vorite extra early variety. It begins with
the very earliest and ripens its crop in
a very short time and is soon out of the
way before the midseason varieties come
in. The plants are large and bushy; free
from rust, healthy, vigorous and produc-
tive. Fruit extra large and good quality.
Dark red to the center. In productiveness
it is second to but few. Very firm and is
classed with all buyers of berries as one
of the best shippers and always brings top
prices My stock is true to name and I
have a large stock and the prices are right.
This variety has had a hard trial to pull
through, as there were so many varieties
sent out under this name. Order Town-
send's Thoroughbreds and you will get
the genuine. Does well in all sections.
Fairfield (Per). This is a very good varie-
ty and is a great favorite in many sections.
One that we always sell out on early.
Plants strong and healthy. Fruit large
and good quality.
iViichaels, Early (Per). This is an old varie-
ty and needs no description. Planted now
solely for table use, as its quality is un-
VVilkins Early (Per). This is said to be the
earliest variety yet introduced and said
to be too early for the Northern states.
It is a new one to me, but comes highly
recommended. Good plant maker, plants
healthy, fruit extra large and of good qual-
ity. Anyone wishing to test this early
variety in any section will be sent same
with a guarantee to prove as represented
above. Price, -2 5 plants $0.50; 100 plants
$1.50; 500 plants $5.00.
Haverland (Imp). A well known varietv and
one that has proved itself very popular.
The Haverland has one serious fault —
that is, the fruiting stems are unable to
hold its immense crop of fruit from the
ground. For this reason it is advisable
to mulch the beds in winter: if not the
frui<: is always very sandy. Makes an ex-
cellent mate for Dunlap and is still grown
in some sections more than any other
The Hummer is a very pop-
in many sections, bears a
TOWNSEND'S 20th CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
This field of plants is said by many experts to be the finest plants ever seen in the State of
Maryland. Prof. T. B. Symons, who inspected our fields September 1st, made the remark that
they were the finest that he had ever seen grown anywhere. (The photograph does not really
give thecnii justice.)
heavy crop of fair quality fruit. Good
plant maker and free from rust. It has
not been grown largely in the East, but
we always have a demand for all the
plants we grow.
Oswego (Per). Midseason. Berries long,
wedge shape, light red on the under side,
deep red on the top, but no green tips.
Flavor mild. Is enormously productive and
bears good crops every season, producing
better crops the second and third years
than the first. Does best on high, light
soil, and may be grown on thinner soil
than any other variety. Is called the
poor man's berry.
Pineapple (Per). One of the best on the
list for home use. Not overly large, but
has a delicious flavor, not only of the
strawberry, but the pineapple flavor is
readily tasted. Its pineapple character is
readily detected by the odor as well as
the flavor. Valuable alike for the home
garden and market.
Marshall (Per). Noted for its very fine fla-
vor and apearance. Not a productive va-
riety at all, either in plants or fruit, but
has the quality to make up. Every berry
is a perfect one. The Marshall is a gen-
eral favorite in many sections where a
strictly fancy berry is in demand. I have
the largest acreage in Marshall this sea-
son I have ever grown, as I have always
been short of plants. I determined to try
to grow enough to fill my orders for 1914,
and think I have succeeded. So please
favor me with your order again if you
desire this variety.
Ryckman (Per). Midseason, of the New
York type. Fruit large and handsome, but
not firm enough for the Southern states.
Does very w^ell north or for a close mar-
ket. Flavor mild and considered good for
Wm. Belt (Per). Midseason. This is an old
popular variety which many newer varie-
ties are classed with as to flavor. For a
home variety it has but few equals. Plants
always in, great demand,
Nanticoke (Per). Midseason. This is a
new variety introduced by me in 1911.
It proved very popular ' the past season
in several sections. Makes a moderate
supply of strong, healthy plants, fruit
large, conical shaped with mild flavor. Color
bright red, fruiting season short. I pre-
dict that it will become a standard in a
few years or as soon as enough plants
can be grown to supply the growers. My
supply is lim.ited this season.
Golden Gate (Per). Midseason. Introduced
by S. H. Warren, Esq., the grand old
strawberry man of Massachusetts. It is
a strong plant maker, entirely free from
rust or any other disease. Seems to do
well on any soil; always brings forth a
large crop of well-matured and fancy fruit.
If you are undecided what to plant, take
this one. I guarantee them to please
you if it is a fancy berry you want.
New York (Per). Midseason to late. This
is one of the largest berries grown and
where a fancy berry for local market is
wanted it is a great favorite. Too soft
to ship well.
E.W.TOWNSEND. SALISBURY, MARYLAND
Aroma (Per). Late. Not quite as late as
Gandy in the beginning, but will continue
nearlj' as long. Bears an immense crop
of very fine fruit that will stand shipping
to distant markets. My orders run in
the millions for the Aroma plants every
season. Its greatest popularitj' is in the
TVest and Southwest, but it is a good one
everywhere. "Write me for special prices
on large lots.
Parsons Beauty (Per). Midseason. This is
a tremendously productive variets' of the
Haverland type and will do well for anj'
local market, but not recommended for
distant markets unless grown in the North.
It is a general favorite in the Northern
states, being one of their heaviest crop-
pers and is one of my best sellers; plants
strong and vigorous, free from rust, and
berries average large and flavor fine. I
have known them to pick 12,000 quarts to
Paul Jones (Imp). Midseason. In the Paul
Jones we have another very popular va-
riety. The originator claims it to be the
most productive variety grown. I have
only fruited it one season and find it to
be very productive and quality fine, size
medium to large, of good, firm quality. It
is a general favorite in the state of
Delaware, which speaks much for it. I
am well pleased with the Paul Jones here
on the grounds. I have a very fine stock
of plants this season and hope to see
more of its behavior, as the demand the
past season was so great I sold almost
out before I knew it.
Wildwood (Per). Early to medium. Hails
from Iowa. Another great plant maker
resembling the wild berry. Has a wild
flavor also and is recommended for family
use only, as the fruit is small and very
soft and would be no good as a shipper.
Mammoth Beauty (Imp). ;M:edium to late.
A'ery large, moderately firm, productive,
resembling the Haverl8.nd in appearance,
only difference fruit is larger.
nproved Marshall (Per blossom). Midsea-
son to late. I purchased this strain of
Marshall three years ago from an agent
canvassing through this territory. I find
that it does not resemble the old Mar-
shall but very little, but it is a far more
Sample (Imp). Late. Dark red, top shaped,
good cropper, too well known to need de-
scription. One that we sell o\it on every
year. One of the very best imperfect
Glen Mary (Per). Late. Dark red, somewhat
varied in shape, large to very large, flavor
very rich, very productive, good plant
maker. I recommend some other perfect
flowering sort set with Glen ]Mary to se-
cure best results. Parsons Beauty or
Aroma are excellent to set with it.
Norwood (Per blossom). Midseason. This
berry has been widely advertised and needs
no description from me. It is supposed
to be a cross between the Marshall and
Corsican. The Norwood is a very fancy
variety with me, doing its best under
good cultivation. The plants are large
and healthy, making a moderate supply.
Not very productive, but every berry is a
good one. The flavor is good enough for a
king. I recommend it where a strictly
FANCY variety is wanted or for family
use. Some catalogs claim that four ber-
ries have filled a quart box. I have not
grown any that size, but have them as
large as I desire. On account of being
a moderate plant maker the plants have
to sell very high. I have a fine stock
Mascot, one of the largest and latest.
valuable berry with me than the Mar-
shall that has been grown here before.
I describe it as follows: A moderate plant
maker of choice, strong, well-rooted plants
of the multiple type. Fruit large to verv
large; colored through and through: flavor
as fine as you could wish; ver>' firm. I
class it as a strictly fancy variety. For
the size of the fruit I know of nothing
that is more productive, and while we have
had two dry seasons since I have been
fruiting it. it has never failed to bear
an extra heavy crop of fine fr\iit. I have
discarded the old Marshall altogether for
this one and recommend my customers to
give it a trial.
Fendall (Imp). Early to late. This is one
of the longest season varieties I have
ever grown. I picked berries from them
the 15th of May and 3rd of July the same
season. Good plant maker ernirelv free
from rust. Fruit large to very large when
properly fertilized. Flavor mild. One of
my best productive sorts. I recommend
setting an early and a late variety with
TOWNSEND'S 20th CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
perfect blossom for best results; say one
row Helen Davis, four rows Fendall, one
•Chesapeake. This would make an ideal
patch. All go.od varieties in almost all
Bubach (Imp). Midseason. This has long-
been the standard in many sections and
Ss still grown in large quantities. It does
its best when planted on low springy
;soil. For home market I know of nothing
that will pay much better in the old
standard varieties. I have a fine stock
of plants this season.
\V. W. W. (Per). Midseason. This variety
Is a favorite here and I know of nothing
that did better the past season in my trial
beds excepting the BALTIMORE. Plant
growth is excellent, strong multiple crowns
that bear an enormous quantity of fruit
of the very best quality and size. Will
bring fancy prices on any market. In
my estimation it is an ideal commercial
■"•ariety. I cannot grow enough plants to
supply my trade.
Winner (Per). One of the new varieties
that were introduced in 1912. Very pro-
ductive. Haverland shaped, but of much
Amanda (Per). Midseason to late. A seed-
ling of Sample, and resembles its parent
in every way, except it has a perfect
Darlington (Per). Late. Resembles the
Gandy very much, but seems to be more
productive and n,ot so likely to rust. I
recommend it to all commercial growers
that desire a large late variety.
Deacon (Per). Described as the lazy man's
berry. Said to grow with little cultiva-
tion and on very thin land. But I advise
g-iving same care and cultivation as you
would any other variety to get best re-
Roosevelt (Per). Medium to late. Named
for the great Bull Mooser by one of his
admirers. The Roosevelt is a wonderful
variety and will fill almost any want de-
sired in a strawberry except earliness.
Quality is fine, size is good, heavy yielder,
good plant maker, seldom fails to produce
a great crop of fine fruit. It grows every-
where on any soil.
Splendid (Per). Second early. Good plant
maker, fine cropper, rich in pollen, which
makes it a good variety to set with im-
perfect sorts of its season. Size large
when kept thinned in bed, otherwise the
fruit will not get its size.
Twilley (Per). Medium to late. Introduced
by W. F. Allen, 1911. Good plant maker.
Seems to do well on most any soil. Very
productive, fruit firm and of good flavor,
size medium to large.
Uncle Jim (Per). Of the New York type,
said to be the same by many, but I think
there is a difference and that the Jim
has the best of the two. The Jim is the
largest berry grown by me, I think, when
the season suits it. In fact, I have seen
them so large that I really thought they
would have eaten better and looked bet-
ter if they had been half their size.
Strong, healthy, productive, just the kind
to plant for local market or where they
can be picked today and sold tomorrow.
I have a full stock of THOROUGHBRED
PLANTS and they are great sellers.
Cardinal (Imp). Midseason to late. Size,
medium, quality good, productive, good
Governor Rollins. Originated in Massachu-
setts. The fruit is perfect, large and of
go,od quality. Holds well in season. Re-
sembles the Brandywine.
Governor Fort (Per). Late. Fruit large,
very firm and of good quality.
Salisbury (Imp). Second early. I have yet
to see a variety as firm as the Salisbury,
this being its greatest quality. Fruit me-
dium size, quality ordinary, good plant
maker, hardy in every way. Will easily
ship from one side of the country to the
other and be in perfect condition. For
preserving it has no equal.
Patagonia (Per). Luther Burbank's new va-
riety. Comes very highly recommended.
I have not fruited it yet, but recommend
it as a trial, as it comes from so good
authority. Quality said to be unsurpassed
by any variety grown.
Bethel (Per); Early to midseason. Orig-
inated in Delaware. Size large, firm, good
color and good quality. Very nroductive.
Is said to be one of the leading market
sorts in Delaware.
Barrymore (Per). Midseason. Originated by
Chas. Crane of Massachusetts. Fruit large,
dark red, of good quality, firm enough
for long distance shipments.
Meteor (Imp). Resembles the Sample. If
you have one you do not need the other.
Orem (Per). Season late. Fruit medium to
large, of good quality, of the Gandy type.
Buster (Imp). Of the Bubach type, same
season and about same size, color and
quality. One of my best sellers.
Evening Star (Per). A seedling of the
Gandy, large, good flavor and productive.
E.W.TOWNSEND. SALISBURY. MARYLAND
The New Race of Strawberries
There has probably been more said and more curiosity raised over the fall-bearing
strawberries than any other new fruit that has ever been introduced. They are the 20th
Century wonder, no doubt. That they do bear fruit almost continuously from May until
I>ecember is a sure fact. That some of the varieties are our very best spring- croppers
is a sure fact, and that notwithstanding the spring crop they do continue to bear all sum-
mer and fall without any more attention than the ordinary common strawberry. That
the yare more hardy than other varieties is a fact; and that they will stand a good
frost and then continue to blossom and fruit, even until the snow flies, is a fact. And
no wonder they are a wonder. I was among the first plant growers to secure plants of
this wonderful new race of berries, getting my stock from Mr. Cooper direct. I have seen
the beginning- of the new racq but I do not expect to see the ending, as I feel sure that
they have come to stay and will eventually take the place of all others in time. I feel
very sure that in a short time there will not be any varieties grown that do not
have the fall-bearing blood in it. There is being a great Improvement going on each
season with this new race. They are in the hands of all kinds of experimenters and
are being- crossed and recrossed with all the best leading standard varieties and marked
improvements are being made. For the past seven years strawberries have been as com-
mon with us as potatoes. There is hardly a day that they are not on the table fresh from
the fields, from May 10th to December. My fields have become the show grounds for
the surrounding country. The folks flock to our fields ahnost dail3' with their baskets
to be filled with the delicious fruit. The telephone is kept busy by parlies ordering their
berries to be sent to their homes. There is a ready sale every day they ai-e in fruit. And
it is a fact that the more berries one eats the more he wants, so it is impossible to fill
the demand. You say, is the demand as good for the berries in summer and fall as it is
in springtime? I answer, yes. And that it will be the summer fruit that will not have
to take a back seat and not the fall-bearing strawberry. I do not expect to live Ion?
enough to see the demand supplied for fall-bearing strawberries. And I am a voung man
and feel very much like living on. Now, it is a fact that not all the varieties of fall-
bearing- strawberries that have been introduced have been profitable to cultivate. I
have had many of them on trial that I discarded after one trial. You will bo told by many
plant growers, no doubt, that they are all good, nil sure croppers and all productive
fruiters in the fall. I say not. There is only a few varieties to date tb.at are good
ones; that are good plant makers and sure fall croppers the first season. The ""two
best varieties to date are the King Autumn and Progressive. Both, are good plant makers
and will bear a good crop of fruit the first year set. There are several' varieti.s tliat are
sure to bear fruit in the summer and fall months, but they do not inake but few runner
plants and only produce a small amount of fruit in the fall months I jjive the true
description of each variety as near as it is possib/e.
TOWNSEND'S 20th CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
King Autumn (Per). A free plant maker.
Plants strong and free from rust. Fruit
largest of the fall bearing class; fruit
very firm, bright scarlet, red all over,
quality very fine. Plants set in May or
any time in winter or spring will fruit
same season from July to December; fruits
on new runner plants the first year; does
best when grown under the Hill system.
Bears its best crop the second year, can
be picked almost daily from May until
December. Plant in springy soil. A valu-
able variety and one that should be grown,
by everyone who has a square yard of land.
Progressive (Per). Introduced by Rock Hill,
Iowa. Was first known as Rockhill's No.
16. Introduced last season. It is of the
Dunlap type, a strong plant maker and
the most productive fall bearer of the
lot. The fruit produced in the fall is by
far the best flavored strawberry I have
ever tasted. It is one of these kinds
that when you get started to eating it,
you do not want to stop. It will pro-
duce just all the fruit you want it to;
fruit medium to large, dark red when
ripe and good enough for a king in any
season. Will produce paying crops both
the first and second years. Over 1,000
quarts of berries picked the first year
from 500 plants set in April.
Superb (Per). Ranks third with me in the
fall bearing sorts. Fruit is large and
very fine flavor; is a good plant maker,
but not quite as productive as the for-
mer, although fruit larger; does best the
second fall. Is really the best of the
three the second year from July to De-
cember. Picked at the rate of 12,000
quarts to the acre the second year. There
is no limit to the demand for this fruit.
Perpetual Motion (Per). This variety is
about the same as the Pan-American.
The first variety that was introduced;
very poor plant maker, fruits from May
to December the first season, on both new
and mother plants. Is specially adapted to
hill culture. Fruit large, good quality.
Iowa (Per). Description of the above fits
this one also.
Giant Hybrids. These are from seeds of the
leading fall bearing varieties that have
noit been separatedi since grown from
the seeds. Anyone wishing plants for
experimenting purposes to select new
varieties from should not fail to get 100
of these plants. This is the way all the
best varieties are brought about and a
collection of 100 may mean a fortune to
Americus (Per). Americus, claimed by many
to be the best of the fall bearing class,
is a good one, but not the best by any
means. Size small, bright red, flavor
very fine; will bear a good crop if fruit
is kept off until August, but otherwise
it will not have a heavy crop in the
Francis (Per). Similar to the above in
growth of foliage, but much more pro-
ductive. In fact, to produce plants the
fruit must be kept picked off the first
season up to August, anyway. If this
is done a very good crop may be expected,
both in fruit and plants.
Productive (Imp). This is the best imper-
fect blooming variety to date. Is very
::.W. TOWN SEND, SALISBURY, MARYLAND
A thoroug-hbred Barkley plant in fruit.
productive all the entire season, no mat-
ter if blossoms are left; size medium,
very firm, quality only ordinary. I rec-
ommend King Autumn or Superb set with
Dew Drop. A fall bearing variety, quality
very poor and very uncertain cropper,
even in favorable seasons. I shall dis-
card it altogether, and do not recommend
it this season, as all others are better.
Autumn (Imp). The second introduction,
and is one of the parents of the many
fall bearing varieties. The Autumn is
one of the heaviest yielders in the spring
crop, but not aheavj" fall cropper; fruit
small, good flavor; has an excellent ap-
pearance and a favorite berry for canning.
About size of large cherries and just as
round. It is profitable for the spring
crop alon^, for I do not believe that there
is a variety in the world today that will
equal it producing fruit in the spring
Pan-American (Per). The mother of them
all has many good qualities, but the off-
springs are proving much more profitable,
and the old parent will soon have to
take a back seat as a fall bearing sort,
although it is far above the average
spring croppers. I have seen one full
quart of berries picked from a single
plant at one picking in June.
Maryland Prize (Imp). Early to late. This
is one of our introductions and is prov-
ing very profitable. To secure best re-
sults should be fruited with both early
and late perfect blooming varieties or
fruit with the Helen Davis, and you have
a fine pair. I know of nothing that would
please you better. Both all around good
varieties and will rank as strictly fancy.
Both varieties need good soil to secure
best results. I have a fine stock of plants
of each. Strictly pure.
Barkley (Per). Early. This is another va-
riety that hails from Xanticoke, Md., where
so many good ones have come from. It
was given me to test three years ago and
I have found it as follows: A deep crim-
son top shaped, flavor rich and delicate,
produced enormous crops of ver>' large
berries; begins to ripen early and continues
until late in season, berries hold up in
size until very last pickings. Foliage
strong and healthj-. Makes an excellent
pollenizer for any early to medium earlv
imperfect sort. It is a variety that has
come to stay, firm enough for a good
shipper and should be classed with thp
fancy class. Quantity of plants limited.
Ernest (Imp). Midseason. One of our fa-
vorite midseason varieties. A heavv crop-
per and good shipper. Fruit large to verv
large; round, uniform shaped, well colored.
Is becoming a great favorite. One of my
Gem (Per). Late. This varietv was intro-
duced by Mr. A. F. FREEXY of Wico-
mingo Co., a lifelong berrv grower. Mr.
Freeny fruiting it first in 1911. Being a
very dry season, when the Gandv and
Chesapeake dried on the vines, this" berrv
produced a fine croo of the finest fruit
I saw that season. I was charmed bv
its appearance and at once engaged ail
Plant City. Fla.. April S. 1912.
E. W. Townsend. Sali.<:bury, Md.
Dear Sir: Enclosed please find check for
5.000 Missionary strawberrv plants. Please
send at once. I got the other 10.000 O. K.
They were simply fine, and as stated in
wire, increase order 5.000. so am sending at
10.000 rates. I am recommending vour
plants highly, so please send at once thor-
oughbred Missionary plants.
FRED B. ROBIXSOX.
TOWNSEND'S 20th CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
the plants he had to spare the next sea-
son. Season same as Gandy. Strong plant
maker, making the heaviest, strongest
plants I ever saw. Rich, dark red color,
free from rust, holding the fruit well off
the ground. Fruit extra large, in fact the
largest berry I ever saw, not excepting
the Norwood. Color bright red through
and through, flavor mild, extra firm. Will
be one of those that has come to stay.
So far it has proven extra productive.
Mr. Freeny says three times as many
as the Gandy. I have placed the price
in reach of all and hope my customers
will not fail to test them.
Townsends (Per). Late. This berry is one
of my best money makers, coming a little
ahead of the Gandy and being equal to
that grand old sort in bringing the money
in the market, makes it much more prof-
itable to grow. Will yield twice as many
berries as the Gandy. Good plant maker
and free from rust. I cannot grow as
many plants as I can sell. The demand
gets greater every season.
Mascot (Per). Late. The latest berry grown
by me, excepting the fall bearing sorts.
For an all round late variety I know of
nothing better. Extra large, fine flavor,
productive and has extra long season.
There is a great demand for plants, which
shows its popularity. Buy the true stock
from me. I have a fine stock this sea-
Nick Ohmer (Per). One of the very best
late varieties for Southern states and ex-
cellent shipper. Rich in flavor, good plant
maker and a general favorite wherever
grown. More productive than Gandy. Free
Gandy (Per). Late. One of the old sorts,
which is often referred to in describing
other late varieties. Still very popular
with a great number of growers. It takes
over a million plants of this variety every
season to supply our trade.
Chesapeake (Per). Late. This variety
seems to be making more friends each
season. The greatest complaint is that it
seems to be a very poor plant maker in
many sections, especially when set on
high land. It is not profitable to grow
for plants, hence it is not boosted by many "
of the plant growers. I consider the fruit
as fine as I have ever grown and it is
my favorite table berry.
Stevens' Late Champion (Per). Late. This
is strictly a favorite with my Northern
customers. Size large to extra large, fla-
vor mild, ordinarily firm, not classed as
a long distance shipper here, but for
home market it is a money maker, as
it is exceedingly productive. One of my
best sellers in the North.
April 20, 1911
Messrs. E. W. Townsend & Co.,
Gentlemen: The 5,000 Dunlap plants I
got from you opened up fine, so did the
2,500 Klondyke, and the 2,500 Gandy were
the strongest that- I have ever seen. In-
deed you are to be congTatulated on send-
ing such thrifty plants to your customers.
BERT E. WHITAKER,
Brandy wine (Per). Late. Dark red, very
round in shape, extra productive of the
very best quality of fruit. Noted for its
shippmg qualities. Exceedingly popular
with commercial growers in the West, es-
pecially California. We have a fine stock
of thoroughbred plants.
Black Beauty (Imp). Season late. This is
a variety that I especially recommend for
family gardens, as it is rich in flavor and
sugar. I advise setting with Nick Ohmer
for a pollenizer and you will have all you
are looking for for table use. Both varie-
ties firm, will keep almost until they are
dried up and then be good eating.
Parker Ear! (Per). Late. This is a very
good late one, but we have better in the
Mascot, Gem and many others.
Governor Van Sant (Per). Midseason to.
late. I quote iinitroducer's description:
'This is the grandest berry of the cen-
tury. A test last year, 13,326 quarts to.
the acre, was made. Size large, quality
good, firm and a good strong plant,
maker. I saw the fruit the past season
at our shipping station and it was certainly-
grand, bringing the top of the market
each day. I liked it so well that I bought
the supply of plants from the party grow-
ing it here and have about 150,000 plants
to offer this season. Price $1.00 per 100-
plants, $7.50 per 1,000.
Saltzer's Late IVIastodon (Per). Season very-
latest variety grown. Enormous in size,
delicious flavor, firm and productive, a
strictly fancy variety. Price $1.00 per 100-
plants, $7.50 for 1,000.
Southern growers stick to the Klondyke,
Missionary, Lady Tompson, Excelsior.
Northern growers to Dunlap, llaverland, Bu-
bach, Wm. Belt, Sample, etc. We have
them all, strictly pure from all disease,,
strong and thrifty.
Rewastico (Per). This new berry was orig-
inated in Wicomico County, and was in-
troduced the past season, by Mr. W. F. Al-
len,, who says that he considers it the only
real competitor that the Chesapeake has,
and in some respects it even surpasses-
that popular variety. I will say that it
far surpasses it in plant growth. I have-
not fruited it yet, but am sure that it is
worth giving a test. The supply of plants-
is very small this season and the prices-
will have to be high, and they can only
be sold in small lots. I quote them as
follows: 25 plants, $1.00; 100 plants, $3.00.
Gentlemen: We are very much pleased
with the Missionary and Superior plants
received today, and return thanks for your-
large count, and also for the extra dozen
Salisbury. Wishing you the success youi
merit, we are.
M. CRAWFORD CO.,
Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio.
Dover, Del., April 26, 1912.
Dear Sir: I received my order which yon
here sent me not long ago, in very good
condition, and I am very well pleased with
the plants. Thinking they are all very
good berries and hope I have success with
them. I thank you very much for the
extra ones you sent and if there is any-
thing else I want I'll be very glad to sendi
to you for them. I am
J. F. SMERBECK.
Deans, "Va., Jan. 27, 1910.
E. W. TO WNSEND. SALISBURY. MARYLAND
Price List of Everbearing Varieties
^. . ^ ,„ , 12 25 50 100 1000
King Autumn (Per) $1.25 $2.00 $3.00 $5.00 ?!40.00
Progressive (Per) 1.25 2.00 3.00 5.00 40.00
ouperb (Per) 1.25 2.00 3.00 5.00 40.00
Perpetual Motion (Per) 1.25 2.00 3.00 5.00 40.00
Iowa (Per) 1.25 2.00 3.00 5.00 40.00
Giant Hybrids 1.25 2.00 3.00 5.00 40.00
Americus (Per) 1.25 2.00 3.00 5.00 40.00
Francis (Per) 1.25 2.00 3.00 5.00 40. 0«'
Pan-American (Per) 1.25 2.00 3.00 5.00 40.00
Autumn (Imp) 1.25 2.00 3.00 5.00
Productive (Imp) 1.25 2.00 3.00 5.00
Dew Drop (Per) 1.25 2.00 3.00 5.00
Beware of the fellow that offers you fall bearing plants at a lower price than the above.
The above is the cream of the list and is the lowest price I have ever been able to make
on them. Better place your order early. You are at liberty to order 12 or 25 of a kind when
making up your order, or you may receive plants at the 100 or 1,000 rate, as the case may
be, or 500 at 1,000 rates. If you are not familiar with the varieties just send me the
amount that you wish to invest and I will make a selection for you. Prices are all F. O. B.
Salisbury, Md. If you wish sent by Parcel Post add 25 cents per 100 plants.
I have many more varieties of these everbearing varieties under test, but wiii not
offer them for sale this season. Anj-one wishing to plant these new berries cannot do
any better by looking further. The above is the cream of them all to date. The first
three mentioned are the favorites, and are good enough for anj'one to tie to at this time.
I have placed the price as reasonable as possible, especially so when it is considered the
demand there is for them. My main stock of plants consists mainly of the three first men-
tioned varieties — King Autumn, Progressive and Superb. I quote all at the same price:
12 plants, $1.25; 25 plants, $2.00; 50 plants, $3.00; 100 plants, $5.00; 1,000 plants, $40. UO.
Particular Notice. I will give free 1,000 of my best fall bearing plants next season
to the customer sending me an order this season and making the best report on their
crop the first season planted. This report is to be in my hands not later than November
1st, 1914. A photograph of the patch is also requested. Someone will get 1,000 plants
free, which will mean a small fortune in a short while. Take my advice — place your order
early this season for all the fall bearing plants you can afford to buy. You will find them
the besi. investment tlito you have ever made. Order from a reliable nursery and be sure
that you are getting the best. The first crop will pay all expenses.
Austin and Lucretia — $1.00 per 100; $6.00 per 1,000; $25.00 per 5,000.
ASPARAGUS ROOTS, Two Years Old
Giant Argenteuil — 500 roots, $3.00; 1,000 roots, $5.00.
Palmetto — 500 roots, $3.00; 1,000 roots, $5.00
California Privet. Fine, two-year-old stock, cut back last spring. This is strictly
fine hedging, 18 to 24 inches. This will make a fine hedge in one season if properly
set. Price — 2.50 per 100; $20.00 per 1,000.
Messrs. E. W. Townsend & Co., Kathleen, Fla., April 30. 1912.
Salisbury, Md. E. W. Townsend & Co., Salisbury, Md.
Gentlemen- Berry plants arrived O. K. Gents: I have sold your plants to the
and in fine condition. They are the nicest growers here for three years and have al-
plants I have ever received from anyone. ways got first-class, well-rooted plants. I
They ran short just a little. There are can recommend E. W. Townsend to any-
20 520 plants. As soon as the weather one wishing to buy first-class strawberry
will permit you may ship the balance of plants. Yours very truly,
my order. Yours respectfully. j. z. KNIGHT.
JNO. G. EBERWINE.
Ft. Smith, Ark., April 19, 1912.
Ohio, April 6, 1912. ^Tr. Townsend.
Mr. E. W. Townsend, Salisbury, Md. Dear Sir: I received your plants. They
Dear Sir: Order No. 4 539 arrived today ^'^re the best I ever saw. They were packed
and I am more than pleased with the plants. so nice, but I didn't order enough plants.
They were a little dry, as they had been so I want a few more. I will be glad if
on the road four days. They are the finest you will put in the premium plants that
plants I ever saw. Yours truly, ^O" Pive to new customers. My order num-
ERNEST KOONTZ ^^^ ^'^^ '*^*^^- ^ thank you for that order.
J. W. MASSY.
Kathleen, Fla., Jan. 2 5, 1912. _
E W Tnwrmpnri ^ Plant City, Fla.. March 14. 1912.
Dear Sin"' Your Missionary can't be beat i ■>Rf Yn ^good ^^[1 io^^^^^ ^'""'^ ''^^^^^^•^■^^^^ '''^
in this section. Yours truly, ^^''' ^" ^«°^ Re.pectfullv
W. D. HARP. ^'^ H. L.- LANIER.
TOWNSEND'S 20th CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
Price List of Townsend's Thoroughbred Strawberry Plants
Grown by E. W. Townsend, Salisbury, Md., the Fair Dealing Nurseryman
Extra early varieties — per
Uncle Sam (Per) $
Early Ozark (Per)
Lady Townsend (Per)
Oakes Early (Per)
Heflin "Early (Per)
New Superior (Imp)
St. Louis (Per)
Early Hathaway (Per)
Michael Early (Per)
AVilkins Early (Per)
1,000 Paul Jones (Imp) 4. 00
5.00 Roosevelt (Per) 4. 00
3.00 Mammoth Beauty (Imp) 4. 00
Deacon (Per) 4. 00
Buster (Imp) 4. 00
Highland (Imp) 5.00
Early varieties —
First Prize (Per) , . .
Early Queen (Per) .
Nanticoke (Per) .
Road Side (Per)
Maple Early (Per) .
Lady Tompson (Per)
Tenn. Prolific (Per)
Warfield (Per) . . .
Helen Davis (Per) . .
Hummer (Per) . . .
Splendid (Per) .
Medium season varieties —
Senator Dunlap (Per) .
Governor Van Sant (Per) . . .
Sons Prolific (Per)
Glen Mary (Per)
Wm. Belt (Per)
Parsons Beauty (Per)
New Tork (Per)
Uncle Jim (Per.)
Medium — Per 1
Fendall (Imp) $
Golden Gate (Per)
Black Beauty (Imp)
W. W. W. (Per)
Myers No. 1 (Imp)
Imp IVIarshall (Per)
Wild V^ood (Per)
IVIaryiand Prize (Imp)
Baltimore (Per), medium to late
Joe Johnson (Per), medium to late....
Late varieties — Per 1,000
Brandywine (Per) $ 3. 00
Gem (Per) 5. 00
Townsend's Late (Per) 5. 00
Kate (Per) 5. 00
Patagonia (Per) 5. 00
Mascot (Per) 2.50
Gandy (Per) 2.50
Nic Ohmer (Per) 2.50
Aroma (Per) 2.50
Chesapeake (Per) 4. 00
Stevens Late ch (Per) 3. 00
Per 1,000 Orem (Per) 4. 00
...$5.00 Darlington (Per) 4.00
5.00 Duncan (Per) 4. 00
3 00 Evening- Star (Per) 4.00
3.00 Sample (Imp) 3. 00
^ ^ 3.00 Big Joe 3. 00
3.00 Parker Earl (Per) 4. 00
... 2!50 Governor Fort (Per) 4.00
... 2.50 Governor Rollins (Per) 4.00
2 00 Varieties listed at $2.50 per 1000 will be
... 2.50 so^d in lesser quantities, as follows:
'.'.'. sioo 25 plants $.20
... 3.00 50 plants 35
3.00 75 plants 50
... 4.00 100 plants 60
4.09 250 plants 1.00
... 4.00 500 plants 1.50
lOOOi plants 2.50
Varieties listed at $3.00 to $4.00 per 1000
in lesser quantities, as follows:
25 plants $ .25
50 plants 40
75 plants 55
100 plants 65
250 plants 1.20
500 plants 2.00
Varieties listed at $5.00 per 1000 in lesser
quantities, as follows:
25 plants $ .35
50 plants 50
75 plants 65
100 plants 80
250 plants 1.55
500 plants 3.00
All prices are P. O. B. Salisbiiry, Mary-
land, if desired sent by mail add 25c per
hundred plants. All plants are packed so
as to reach you in g-ood growing- condition.
Terms same to all. Cash to accompany
all orders. Postoffice Money Orders pre-
Discounts Will Be Allowed as Follows:
On orders amounting to 5,000 plants and
up to 10,000, 5%.
On orders amounting to 10,000 plants and
up to 20,000, 10%.
On orders amounting to 20,000 plants and
up to 100,000, 15%.
Over 100,000 plants will allow discount of
For $5.00 I will make you happy six months
in the year. A bargain that no strawberry
grower should miss.
E.W.TOWNSEND. SALISBURY. MARYLAND
A selected list of twenty new and tried
varieties. Season early to late, at less than
one-half usual price. Every grower of
strawberries should avail himself of this
grand opportunit5^ Any person with a rod
of ground cannot invest .S5.00 to a better
advantage than right here. For a family
collection no list that I could compile would
be better. Season from the very earliest
to late in the fall. Here is the list — 2.'>
plants each of the following varieties:
Extra Early —
Uncle Sam. New Superior, Lady Town-
send, First Prize.
Farly Queen, Helen Davis, Governor Van
Midseason to Late —
Ryckman, "^Vlnner, Maryland Prize, Bark-
le3', Ernest, Patagonia.
Baltimore, Joe Johnson, Gem, Kate, Town-
Fall Bearing (the kind that never stops;
fruits from early spring to freezing, the
finest fruit that grows and plenty of it; —
King Autumn and Progressive.
For best results the plants should be set
in the patch just as listed above.
Special Price, season 1913-1914, $5.00 — pur-
chaser to pay charges. This collection is'
guaranteed to please you. Order early;
plants will be reserved and shipped when
Just mention special new variety offer Xo.
1 and enclose postoffice money order for
five dollars. TVe will do the rest.
The collection department is prepared for home gardeners, new beginners, new varie-
ties, for testing purposes, etc. They will be found very convenient and a reduction is
always allowed to make them attractive. This department is making a very rapid increase
in the number of orders received each season. One of our very best men has charge of
this department. When ordering a collection please give the number or initial of the col-
lection desired and same will be filled correctlj' and satisfactorily.
Collection Xo. 21, for home use, from May
2.5 First Prize $ -35
25 Early Queen 35
25 Helen Davis 35
25 Wm. Belt 25
25 Townsends, late 35
25 Progressive 35
Postage, 40 cents 40
Postpaid for $2.00
Collection Xo. 22, for local market:
100 First Prize $ .SO
100 W. W. W 65
100 Helen Davis 65
100 Brandywine 65
100 Uncle Sam 80
100 King Autumn 5.00
Postage, SI. 50 1.50
Postpaid, all for S 7.50
Collection Xo. 23 — new varieties espe-
ciallj' recommended for trial:
25 Uncle Sam $ .35
2 5 First I'rize 3 5
25 Earl J' Queen 3 5
25 Winner 25
25 Ekey 25
25 Governor Van Sant 2 5
25 Helen Davis 25
25 Sons Prolific 25
25 INraryland Prize 35
25 Barkley 25
2 5 Baltimore 3.'
25 Orem 35
25 Progressive ."..,. 2. no
Postage 75 cents 75
All prepaid for ?5.00
Collection Xo. 24 — reliable market varie-
ties. Purchaser to pay charges of trans-
portation. Enough lor half acre — 4,000
500 Missionary $1.25
€00 Klondyke i.oo
500 Lady Tompson 1.25
500 Brandywine 1.50
500 Lady Townsend 1.25
500 Baltimore 3.00
500 Dunlap I'oo
500 Xew Superior 2. 00
Total SI 2.25
Special offer Sioioo
Collection Xo. 25 — speciallv selected for
Southern states. Half acre collection; pur-
chaser to pay charges:
1000 ZVIissionary *•? 50
1000 Klondyke , 2^00
1000 Lady Tompson [ 9*50
1000 Lady Townsend 2.50
Special price of $8.00
Collection Xo. 26 — Half acre collection for
Xorthern growers or local market; purcha5^r
to pay charges:
1000 New York $ 3 00
1000 Parsons Beauty 300
inoo Climax 3.00
] 000 Baltimore 5.00
Special price $10.00
Collection Xo. 27 — one acre collection suit-
able for good, reliable collection for home
or market: purchaser to pav charges:
1000 First Prize ",...$ 5.00
1000 Dunlap 2. 00
1000 Missionarj' 2.50
1000 Excelsior . . ^ 50
1000 Golden Gate i.OO
1000 St. Louis 2..=so
♦1000 Xanticoke 3.00
1000 Klondyke 2.OO
Special price $16.00
TOWNSEND'S 20th CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
Collection No. 2 8 — for market gardeners;
-enough for half acre. All strictly fancy va-
rieties from very earliest to latest in sea-
son, includng the fall bearing sorts. Pur-
chaser to pay charges:
1000 First Prize $ 5.00
1000 Golden Gate 4.00
500 St. Louis 1.25
500 Baltimore , 2.50
500 Helen Davis 1.50
400 Uncle Sara 2.50
100 Fall Bearing 5.00
Special price $12.00
Collection No. 29. Enough for one acre;
•early to late; good market varieties. Pur-
•chaser to pay charges. (This - is an extra-
•ordinary bargain) :
^500 Lea $ 7.50
^500 Early Queen 12.50
SOOO Mascot 6.25
All for $17.50
Pacific Coast collection No. 30; purchaser
to pay charges:
1000 Marsha,ll $ 3.00
*1000 Baltimore 5. 00
1000 Klondyke 2.50
1000 First Prize 5.00
1000 Patagonia 5. 00
600 Progressive 20.00
Special price $25.00
Two collections for $45.00
Collection No. 31; purchaser to pay the
charges. This collection is intended for fam-
ily use, where the ground space is limited.
Early to late, including the ever bearers:
50 Fall Bearing $3.00
50 First Prize 50
50 Baltmore . 50
50 Uncle Sam 50
Special bargain $3.00
Special offer No. 82 — for testing purposes:
25 plants each, of 100 varieties, including
all the new and fall bearirg varieties. This
is a valuable collection and will pay any
commercial grower. Special price, $25.00 — •
Our Seed Department
A great many of my customers are growers of Cantaloupes, Cucumbers. Watermelons,
Corn, etc., and are interested in the best seed, as well as the best plants. For* this reason
I have grown for me in the states of Colorado and Iowa the best seeds it is possible to
grow, and offer them to my customers at as low a price as it is possible to grow first-
class selected seeds for. I do not make any attempt to compete with the prices of the
cheap seeds, and for those looking for that kind of stock, I do not solicit their orders. If
you send me your order I guarantee to send you the best selected seeds, selected from
the best stock, grown in fields where there is never any stock sold for market purposes,
and the price charged is for the actual cost of producing, plus a living profit. Selecting
the seed is the most important point in growing a good crop, as it means everything in
the crop produced.
Burrel's Gem (known by several other
names). Closely netted and slightly rib-
bed. Deep, rich salmon; flesh liked by
many for its flavor. Price, per lb., $1.50;
5-lb. lots, $1.25.
Eden Gem (Pollock strain). This variety is
known all over the country as the very
best market sort. Solid netted, flesh
green and flavor the best. Price, per lb.,
$1 50; 10 lbs., $1.40; 25 lbs. up, $1.25; pur
chaser to pay express charges or add
eight cents per pound for postage.
Netted Rock. A melon that ripens a little
earlier than the Eden Gem. Solid net,
good flavor and a general favorite. Price
same as Eden Gem.
Thoroughbred Rocky Ford. One of the old
standard shipping melons. Price same as
Paul Rose. A cross with the netted Gem and
Osage; a very fine shipping melon; size
runs large for standard crates. Price same
as above — or Eden Gem.
Kelley's Netted Rock. A Cantaloupe that is
fast coming to the front in the big canta-
loupe sections of Maryland and Delaware.
Solid net salmon flesh, heavy, thick
meated; quality the very best. Is one of
the best shipping melons I have ever seen.
Will ship a long distance after it begins
to color. Size just right for packing in
Jumbo crates, which are in great demand
at this time in most all large rrarkets. It
is no unusual sight to see twelve to fif-
teen large melons on one vine. I rec-
ommend giving them a trial. Price, se-
lected seed, $2.00 per Ibr 5 lb. lots or over,
$1.80 per lb. Stock limited.
Early June Gem. The earliest of all canta-
loupes. Matures ten days earlier than
any other cantaloupe, and is considered the
best extra early cantaloupe to date at
Rocky Ford, Colo. AVell netted and will
please anyone looking for an early 'lope.
Price, per lb., $2.00. If you want the
earliest this is the one.
Davis Perfect. Ore of the best market
sorts. Long and dark green. Price, per
lb., $1.00: 5 lb., lots, $0.80 per lb.; 10 lb.
lots, $0.75 per lb
Townsend Early Fortune. One of the earli-
est grown and a good reliable market sort;
especially adapted for Southern growers;
price same as above.
Klondyke. One of the very best white spine
types; very popular. Price sam.e as above.
Long Green. An old-time favorite.
Arlington White Spine. Earliest of all.
All Cucumber seed same price.
E. W. TO WN SEND, SALISBURY, MARYLAND
Tom Watson. Price, per ib., $0.75; 10 ib.
lots or over, $0.65 per lb.
Iowa grown, selected stock; selected by
one of the best seed experts in the state of
Reid's Yellow Dent.
Per peck, $1.50: bushel, $4.00; five-bushel
lots, $3.00 per bushel.
Orders for seed should be placed as carin-
as possible, as they are always sold out
earlv. Place your order and seed will be
ship'ped in due season. Purchaser pays
transportation charges on all seeds. All
seeds packed in strong sacks and guaran-
teed to reach you in good condition.
Number of Plants Required
to Set One Acre
feet 9,680 plants
feet S.297 plants
feet 7,260 plants
feet 6,222 plants
feet 5,445 plants
feet 4,978 plants
feet 4,148 plants
feet 3,630 plants
feet 2,722 plants
feet 1,815 plants
feet 1,555 plants
Sweet Potato Sprouts. We grow every
year a large bed and will be glad to quote
our customers prices on any order they-
Make all orders payable to E. W. Town-
send, Salisbury, IMd
I SELL DIRECT — to the people, saving them over one-half on their orders.
NO SHORTAGE — on plants with me this season. Positively every order can be filled.
WE CAN — usually fill orders promptly from November first, until May the first.
BEAR IN MIND — that there is no better plants grown than I grow no matter what you pay.
ALL PLANTS — sent out by me have the highest fruiting power, grown from strong, healthy
mother plants selected by a strawberry expert.
THIS IS MY SPECIALTY — growing strawberry plants and propagating new \arieties. I
have all my eggs in one basket and keep my eyes on the BASKET.
I WANT YOUR ORDER — this season. I promise to please you. I am responsible. Ask
your neighbor about me. Townsend's Thoroughbreds is a household word in nearly every-
state. They never fail to grow a crop of big red berries.
HUNDREDS — are making more growing strawberries than they are growing any other.
crops. You can do the same if you grow Townsend's Thoroughbreds. There is no garden,
too small for a few hills of strawberries. There Is no mouth too sweet for a ripe red
REMEMBER — when j'ou place your order place it with
TOWNSEND — the man that SATISFIES.
Ten j-ears ago little did I dream that the plant business would grow with me until
today It is second but to a few in the United States, and second to none in a great many
ways. I have been successful, but be it far from me that my chief satisfaction lieb in the
money gained. Xo, Xo, the greatest satisfaction and my chief delight rest in the sweet
fact that my labors in the line of plant improvement, plant introductions and plant crea-
tions, have benefited hundreds of American homes and have added materially to the
wealth of the country.
I have originated, introduced and generally distributed many of the now leading varie-
ties that have become a standard and are now used in hundreds and hundreds of gardens
and fields. Such varieties in many cases returning from 50 to 100 per cent more than the
old varieties formerly used.
The introduction of the Missionary strawberry in the State of Florida which has caused
the growers to annually double their profits should have been glory enough for any one
man, but I am not satisfied and I believe there are still better things for my Florida friends,
as well as all my other friends everywhere. I am still sleeping with my strawberry beds,
and if I have not already got it I expect to introduce one that will be as far above the Mis-
sionary as the Missionary was the Excelsior. I expect to hear that report from the "Uncle
Sam" for I truly believe that the I'ncle Sam is the greatest extra early strawberry ever
introduced to date. It was a variety so good that I was three years naming it. At last
Uncle Sam popped on my mind and I said, "that's it," no name could be better T am
sending out Uncle Sam just like I sent Missionary, if you are not perfectlj- satisfied with
your purchase after fruiting it write me, T will refund every penny paid mo without a word.
I make the same offer on all my Introductions, I believe it only fair, and I could not
afford to do business any other way. Tliere are so many fake varieties being sent out
with no guarantee whatever, that are no good, that half the public are afraid to look at any-
thing offered new. I have never had this offer made me. But I liave never lust a penny
by making it. So you need not be afraid to order Uncle Sam, Baltimore, Barkley. Joe
Johnson, First Prize, Maryland Prize, Progressive. King Autumn, or any other of mv own
Introductions, they must please you. See how many other nurserymen are making you
this offer every season.
TOWNSEND'S 20th CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
During the course of many years of inves-
tigation into the plant life of the world,
creating new forms, modifying old ones,
adopting others to new conditions, and
blending still others, I have been enabled to
see a great change for the better in the
plant world. We are now standing upon the
threshold of new discoveries and new meth-
ods which shall give us imperial dominion
over the plant.
It is a time no more when men of any
ability think of returning to the old way
of doing business in the planting of his
crops. In selecting his seeds and plants he
now selects the very best, no matter what
the cost. If his less ingenious neighbor did
not follow the twentieth century way a few
years ago, he is now led in the light by the
difference in the neighbor's bank account
and his own and has now begun to sit up
and take notice. Man can no more afford
to plant common plants and seed at this
day than he can afford to go back and get
the old wooden plow, the wooden cultivator
that our ancestors used hundreds of years
ago and till his crop with them. Civiliza-
tion demanded the change. Our population
is growing rapidly. The people must be
fed, and we are compelled to use new meth-
ods in order to produce more food to the
W© must not only produce more fruit, but
the people demand BETTER FRUIT, We
must PRODUCE IT.
There is no such thing as overproduction
in good food stuffs. There may happen to
be too much poor trash of a certain product
on the markets at times to lower the price,
but never enough GOOD STUFF. Plant only
the BEST. Grow only the BEST, and keep
in the PROCESSION. And remember that
knowledge is power.
By E. W. TOWNSEND.
October 17, 1912.
Express Charges. The reason we advise
shipment by express is because plants are
more or less perishable, and the quickest
transportation is best for satisfactory results.
And then express companies allow a re-
duction of 20 per cent from the regular mer-
chandise rate on plants, bulbs, etc., and bill
the shipment at the number of pounds
Approximate Weight of Plants. Approxi-
mate weight of orders containing assorted
varieties packed for shipment is:
1,000 plants, 20 pounds; 2,000 plants, S.^
■pounds; 5,000 plants, 80 poundsi; 10,000
plants, 150 pounds.
Then to determine the probable express
charges inquire of your agent for the mer-
chandise rate to Salisbury, Md., from which
deduct 20 per cent, and figure according
to the approximate weights.
New Orleans, Oct. 21, 1910.
Messrs. E. W. Townsend & Co.,
Gentlemen: The strawberry plants which
you so kindly sent me arrived in splendid
condition and I am satisfied that I shall
not lose one.
I have never seen such strong and beau-
tiful plants and if I am successful in rais-
ing some fine large berries you will hear
from me and my friends, as it will give me
pleasure to make the proper return for
your courtesy. Yours truly,
A. J. MITCHELL.
TOLD HIS NEIGHBOR.
Gents: Plants arrived O. K. and on time.
Finest plants I ever saw and got the best
count. You will get an order from my
neighbor in a few days.
Somerset, Pa., April 30, 1913.
Mr. E. W. Townsend, Dear Sir: Here is
another order for plants. I must say that
the plants that you sent to my father and
myself were the best we have ever gotten
from anyone. I got 3,000 from Michigan,
but it would take three or four of them to
make one of j^ours,
(Signed) PARK F. COLEMAN.
Easton, Md., April 14, 1913.
Mr. E. W. Townsend, Salisbury, Md.
Dear Sir: The plants you sent me the
other day received in good condition. Thanks
for your promptness. PETER MATH.
Newcastle, Ky., April 15, 1913.
Mr. E. W. Townsend.
Dear Sir: I received the strawberry
plants. I have set them out and they are
doing fine. They are the finest plants I
ever saw, all of which are well rooted. I
thank you for prompt delivery and generous
good count. Yours, W. I. KELLEY.
Mollie, N. C, July IS, 1913.
Mr E. W. Townsend.
Dear Sir: Pleas© send me another cata-
log if you have anj* on hand. I received
the plants I ordered from you in fine shape
and they are doing well. I expect to put
in a large order with you next season. Hope
you good success. Yours truly,
W. A. SUGOS.
Lakeland, Fla., Feb. 26, 1913.
Mr. E. W. Townsend.
Dear Sir: I received the strawberry plants
O. K. Strictly fine; fine count; I am well
pleased. Looking well in the patch.
T. S. STROM.
Tennessee, April 10, 1912.
Thanks for the fine plants you sent me
in last order. Please rush the enclosed or-
der. R. M. KINGSLEY.
Plant City, Fla.
E. W. Townsend.
Dear Sir: Plants came on time and fine.
Thank you. Respectfully,
C. W. MUNRO.
SOUTHERN ALABAIVIA ORCHARD CO.
April 10, 1912.
Received Missionary plants in fine condi-
Plants O. K. Good count; well
W. F. THORNTON, Texas.
BEST PLANTS THAT COIVIE HERE.
Polk Co., Fla., Feb. 5, 1913.
E. W. Townsend, Salisbury, Md.
Dear Sir: Your plants are entirely sat-
isfactory here. Best plants that come in
this section. Yours truly,
C. H. CHESTNUT.
E. W. TO WNSEND, SALISBURY, MARYLAND
Do You Know
That you are not treating your children fairly if you do not grow fall-bearing straw-
berries. I am headquarters for the fall-bearing sorts, one of the oldest and largest growers
of them in the United States. If you want nothing else from this catalog, let me send
you my family collection — 500 plants that will bear fruit almost continuously from early
spring until late in the fall, all for $5.00 prepaid to you. This is one of my best offers
and one that is pleasing my customers.
100 fall bearing plants included in this collection.
In selecting a site for your berry patch, it is best to select a place that has been
grown to some leguminous crop the season before, such as cowpeas, tomatoes or potatoes,
as plants do much better when set in this kind of soil. Never set plants over a sod if it can
be helped. If your land is roily or hilly, select the southern side. Most all commercial
growers prepare their land for their berry fields a season in advance by planting such crops
as mentioned above, for to have the best of success in berry growing it is essential to have
the land rich with plant food. Any ordinary soil when properly manured and worked will
grow good berries. In other words, land thajt will grow good corn, potatoes or
tomatoes will gXpw good berries. In preparing the land before setting plants it
should be thoroughly plowed to a depth of at least eight inches. This is pref-
erable in the fall. Again in the spring (when plants are set in spring) then thoroughly
harrowed and leveled with drags, until the surface is entirely level. For field planting I
advise rows forty-two inches apart, setting plants twenty-four inches in row usually is suf-
ficient with most varieties. Some sorts will give a good matted row when set even thirty
inches apart, better than others when set fifteen inches. Select for your earlier sorts the
highest of your land where you desire to plant, as the early varieties will usually do better
on this kind of soil than the later ones. Most late varieties that have dome to my attention
do better on low, springy soil when it is well drained. In setting plants we use a small gar-
den trowel or dibble, making plenty of room to get the roots down straight and flattened
out in fan shape; pressing the ground firmly around the plants, setting the plant as near as
possible as it came from the ground.
Too deep or too shallow setting will greatly hurt your crop. Plants should be worked
with a small tooth cultivator, giving shallow cultivation almost as soon as they are set. In
ten days from time they are set they should be given a hand cultivation with the hoe, work-
ing very shallow. Often and shallow cultivation should continue as long as the grass
grows, and in the East with us we usually work them with the horse cultivator well up in
the fall months, especially if the season is a dry one.
Preparing and working out the old beds for the second crop, this should be done, or
commenced immediately after the last fruit is picked from the vines. Start by mowing-
off all growth that has accumulated and a portion of the vines. If there should be much
growth it is best to burn same on the patch, catching a dry day when the wind is blowing
strong down the rows, so as the fire will soon sweep over the patch. This will destroy all
insects that might have accumulated in the late vines and growth. If the vines cannot be
burned successfully they should be hauled from the field. The rows should then be bar
plowed, leaving the beds about eight to ten inches wide, throwing the furrow in the mid-
dle. The old mother plants and lots of the new ones should be cut out at once and dragged
from the beds. The five-tooth cultivator should then be run down the rows and the mid-
dles thoroughly worked up, and a great many growers after running down the row with
the cultivator run across the rows, dragging new earth over the crowns of the plants, caus-
ing them to take on new roots and bringing out new crownj. The old patch should be fre-
quently worked and hoed same as the new patch until late in the fall. Two seasons is
long enough for the strawberry to stand, as it costs more to work out the old beds than to
work the new. For this cause I prefer planting anew. Plants should not be set in the
same plot for at least four years.
One of the most important things in growing strawberries is the selecting of plants,
for your success depends on the quality of the plants set. Usually good plants cost a trifle
more than the ones that you can pick up around your neighborhood, which are often mixed,
run-down runts, having been taken from the middle of the rows for generations, and in
many cases are almost barren. It costs no more to work the patch, when set to the best
THOROUGHBRED plants, than it does when set to the poor field-grown plants, and the
THOROUGHBREDS will often double and treble the quantity of fruit per acre, and fruit
that will sell on your markets for double. The up-to-date fellows of today are for growing
only the best and they find that it pays them the best.
One more word in regard to setting the plants and I will close the subject. If you
should pick for your main variety one with an imperfect blossom, I recommend setting two
perfect blossom sorts with it instead of one as is usually done, especially so if the variety
is midseason or late.
My reason for this is for the imperfect one to catch all the pollen necessary to make its
full crop, which it has to- depend upon for the making of the crop of perfect-shaped berries.
Where I have tried this method I have always had the best of success. For instance, take
the old Sample variety which is late, and imperfect. I would set four rows of Sample and
on one side I would set Parson's' Beauty or Dunlap; the other side, one row of Mascot or
some variety equally as late as the Sample, and so on across the patch.
I trust that the foregoing will be of some use to some of my customers, new beginners
especially, for I am asked the above questions hundreds of times* during the year and manv
times it is not convenient for me to answer promptly. IMost of the old growers have their
own way and work out their own salvation, which many times is the best.
I find in traveling through the country that there are many different ways in forming
strawberries, and I also find that a variety that is good in one locality is not always good
TOWNSEND'S 2Qth CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
Growing strawberries is a pleasant and profitable position, in fact the most profitable of
■any business I know of when carried out in the proper way. And the business needs all the
thought, care and attention that can be given it, to make it the success that it deserves.
I have received letters from my friends saying that they had made as high as $1,000 per
acre clear profit in a season from their berry fields. I have even done as well myself a
few times, and it is not unusual to get $400 to $500 from an acre when the best THOR-
OUGHBRED PLANTS are used.
The beauty is that there is always a demand for big red berries.
Townsend's Thoroughbred Plants Grow Big Red Berries
That is what everybody says; it must be so. They send across the continent for them
every season. There must be a reason.
One of Our Local Papers.
There is no section of the country so suit-
able in soil and climate for the successful
raising of strawberry plants and melons
seed as that surrounding Salisbury, and
when this business is in the hands of a
man who was brought up on a berry farm,
has made the cultivation of them a life
study and has succeeded in originating the
best varieties now on the market it has
reached its highest state of perfection.
At the beautifully situated and highly
cultivated farm of. Mr. E. W. Townsend,
near Salisbury, can be seen the ideal place
for the raising of plants for shipment, and
lie has succeeded by supplying only the best
of growers in building up a business with
the most careful and discriminating planters
that has extended to every part of the
country. His plants are not experiments,
but have splendidly stood the test of time
and produce berries which for yield to the
acre and delicacy of flavor are not to be
equaled. On his farm Mr. Townsend raises
over seventy-five varieties adapted to every
soil and climate where berries are grown.
Some of the plants which have had the
largest sales and are most in demand by
•experienced growers are the "Climax" and
"Missionary," both early bearers, and the
"Chesapeake," a late berry which has
proved very popular. The "Autumn" and
•"Pan-American" are two varieties that will
grow anywhere and bear from the last
'days of August until Jack Frost puts in an
Mr. Townsend is a recognized authority
in a section where nearly everyone has
more than an average knowledge of plants.
I want to say to the grower who has never
"had plants from us that no other nursery
-exercises more care to serve customers sat-
isfactorily, while better stock than ours
•cannot be bought.
Let us show you what we can do. Our
business methods will please you, while
the quality of our stock v/ill be far beyond
We know how to grow THOROUGHBRED
STOCK. We use the same methods in grow-
ing our THOROUGHBRED plants. Like be-
gets like, same in plants as in stock. Better
-pay ten dollars for one thousand plants of
thoroughbred stock than set one thousand
common field-grown plants if they are given
to you. The kind of saving that you save
•on the common stock is not to your liking.
"When you deal in common stock, this sav-
ing, I think, is added to the wrong side of
your ledger. Our plants are cheap enough
in price. We do not think that we will have
any falling out about the price. Thanking
-you in advance for a trial order.
That has become well known to a great
many growers throughout the entire coun-
try, is that plants and trees that are grown
in the East along the Atlantic coast are a
-great deal more hardy and seem to do much
"hetter than the same variety of trees and
plants that are grown inland or in the North
or West. The cause of this fact is largely
attributed to the nearness to the ocean,
where we get the strong salt breeze con-
tinuously throughout the year.
Our winters are mild, our summers are
long and lovely. Our fall is almost as mild
as the summer in the North. In such a
climate where the air is pure all the time,
there is but very few insects that trouble
our growing plants. The winters being mild
we are not obliged to mulch our plants,
thus they get that hardiness that goes with
them when they are being transplanted and
shipped to the distant states. The soil and
climatic conditions being just right in the
East for growing strawberry plants and
trees, has caused the eastern shore of Mary-
land to be rightly named the GARDEN
SPOT OF THE WORLD. I wish to im-
press this fact on the mind of each grower
that receives this catalog, and would kindly
insist on his dividing his order this season
if he has been growing Northern -grown
plants. Some of my customers write me
that it pays them well to send their or-
ders to me even if they have to send across
the continent. Another proof of the fact
is that I have never lost a Northern or
Western customer that I know of. Once
using Eastern-grown thoroughbred plants
they always use them.
A northern New Yorker says: "I am sur-
prised the way your plants done here. I
was told that Eastern -grown plants would
not do well for me. I find them far the
best plants I have ever grown and fruited.
Shall use no other."
A customer in Connecticut says: "Your
plants done better here than any ever seen
in this part of the country before. As you
know, I only had a small patch, but I could
hardly get enough help to keep the berries
off as fast as they needed picking. Send
me another lot just as good and the same
varieties you sent before. My neighbors
are going to send to you for plants in a
few days." This was the first trial with
Eastern-grown plants. This happened seven
years ago and I've received orders regular
since from Wilton, Conn.
Of all fruits, the strawberry is one of the
most variable in its behavior, in different
localities and under changed conditions. A
variety may succeed in one place and fail
in another place even in a closely related
territory. I therefore suggest that each
grower set aside a limited space for this
purpose, making it a point to test a num-
ber of the newer varieties that come out
each season, thus enabling himself to judge
which varieties are best before setting his
large fields. To discover the variety that
is most adapted to your climate and soil
must mean much to you and will many
times pay you for the extra expense in se-
curing these new varieties and the grow-
ing of them. The growing and watching the
behavior of the different plants is a source
of pleasure for the whole family.
E.W.TOWNSEND. SALISBURY, MARYLAND
A Few of Our Many Satisfied Customers
Evansville, Tenn., Dec. 9, 1910.
E. W. Townsend & Co.
Dear Sirs: Yours of the 5th to hand. I
will give you a list of names that I know
are going to set berry plants. I could give
you 150 names of growers, but three-quar-
ters of them might not set any. My plants
that I bought of you last spring are simply
fine. I have a full row and several plants
in the middles. Everybody that has seen
it says it is the finest patch in the county.
It is surely a good advertisement for your
nursery. But it is a hard matter to get
people here to spend a little more money
and get first-class plants. I will have a
few plants to sell and maybe I can sell
some for you. I will if I can. Mail your
catalog as soon as ready. Yours truly,
T. C. CALLINS.
Dear Sir: The 10,000 plants came to hand
in fine shape. I think they are the finest
I ever saw shipped out. I shall take pleas-
use in doing business with your house
in the future, and shall advise my friends
to order from you when they want some-
J. E. GRIFFIN & SON.
Letters like the above are very encourag-
ing to me and always make me strive to
even better things. E. W. T.
BETTER THAN OTHERS.
Dear Sirs: I need plants bad. Send me
the following varieties: 2,000 Superiors and
4,000 Parsons Beauty. I advised S. O.
Smith to send to you for his stock. Mr.
Smith's plants are fine; they arrived Mon-
day. I told him we had found a better
place to buy than . Rush order please^
E. J. DECKER.
FINE SHAPE— GOOD COUNT.
Harriman, Tenn., Dec. 2, 1909.
Dear Sir: Received your shipment of
strawberry plants today. They came in fine
shape and we have been setting them to-
day. Am well pleased with them. You
certainly gave us a liberal count.
S. S. HENLEY.
Messrs. R. Pruett & Son, Kentucky, write
April 19, 1910:
Gentlemen: The plants came to hand O.
K. and opened up fine, the best I ever
bought, and I have bought from several
firms. I thank you for your promptness in
getting my order off and will give you my"
future orders. Very respectfully.
Accomac Co., Va.
Strawberry plants received O. K.
O. A. KELLEY.
Kissimmee, Fla., May 6. 1912.
Received plants in good condition; doing,
fine. L. M. WILLIAMS.
TOWNSEND'S 20th CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
Mr. E. "W. Townsend, Salisbury, Md.
Dear Sir: I wish to acknowledge for the
station the receipt of package containing
plants of five varieties of strawberries which
arrived in good condition.
Very truly yours,
O. M. TAYLOR,
Foreman in Horticulture.
BEST HE EVER BOUGHT.
Turkey, Fla., March 20, 1911.
Dear Mr. Townsend: I received the plants
O. K. Strictly fine; best T ever bought. I
want you to send my neighbor your cata-
log. Allow me to thank you for the extras.
Will order from j'^ou whenever I want more
plants. S. J. JOHNSON.
North Carolina, March 14.
Dear Sir: I have been buying plants from
you for over ten years. Have always got
good stock and they seem to get better
every year. I lead all my neighbors in
growing good berries except some that got
their plants from you. Please ship the en-
closed order about Ai;ril 1st.
J. A. GRIFFIS.
Polk Co., Fla., Jan. 23, 1918.
E. W. Townsend, Salisbury, Md.
Dear Sir: Enclosed please find Money
Order for $6.25 for which send me 2,000
Mitesionary and 500 Klondyke plants at
once. The plants I received from you a few
days ago were fine and all that a man
could ask for in quality and quantity.
W. I. YOUNG.
Wauchula, Fla., April 14, 1910.
Gentlemen: I received my plants yester-
day and they were in good order and' fine
plants, too. W. S. SHELTON.
P. S. Send me book on S. B. Culture.
Norfolk Co., Va., April 8, 1912.
The strawberry plants came to hand O. K.
Thanks for liberal count. The Missionary
is our leading berry here.
W. W. HALSTEAD.
When making up your orders please give
me a chance to bid on same. This is my
specialty, filling large orders. I am now
filling orders regular each season for the
largest associations in the United States.
I can handle yours if you will give me the
order in time.
We can dig, pack and ship out 500,000
plants daily when the weather is favorable.
We pack so as to reach you safely.
If your order is large enough we pay the
I personally inspect every shipment.
I have the thoroughbred stock that will
I want your order. I want it early.
Samples furnished association managers
' k M
Remember, thoroughbred plants from the
Eastern Shore will live and grow big crops.
They are winter hardened; nothing like
TOWNSEND'S 20th CENTURY CATALOG No. 24
Gents: I have received my plants O. K.
They were nice and fresh as when dug from
the ground when they arrived. Please send
me one of your catalogs next spring, as I
wish to get some more plants then.
G. A. L,OGK\VOOD.
Plant Gity, Fla., Feb. 26, 1913.
Mr E. W. Townsend.
Dear Sir: I received plants Monday, the
24th, in splendid condition and with the
finest roots I ever saw on plants. Please ac-
cept thanks for promptness in filling my
F. T. KENDRICK.
Lakeland, Fla., Jan. 23, 1912.
Mr. E. W. Townsend.
Dear Sir: Will say that I am well pleased
with the plants bought of you last season.
1 enclose another order; also am sending
names of my friends.
C. W. REYNOLDS.
Mr. J. R H. Hilton, Knoxville, Tenn., and
Atmoure, Ala., writes that my Missionary
is doing well in Alabama; also Tennessee.
Plants were fine; never lost a plant. Mr.
Hilton is one of the largest fruit growers
in the United States.
Mr. R. L. Cooper of Durant, Miss., presi-
dent of Bank of Durant, writes: Your
plants are very fine and giving our growers
perfect satisfaction. Strongest and best-
I'ooted plants I ever saw.
Balto Co., Md., April 15, 1912.
Received the plants in fine condition.
J. F. REYNOLDS.
Strictly fine plants.
Litchfield, Conn., April 22, 1913.
The order received O. K. Plants strictly
fine, as you stated. Here is another order.
C. D. CATLIN.
NOW SHAKING HANDS WITH HIMSELF.
Fruit & Truck Growers Assn., Pasadena,
Texas, March 12, 1913.
Mr. E. W. Townsend.
Dear Sir: The shipment of plants you
made on the fifth arrived on the tenth in
fine condition. Will say without fear of
being contradicted that thej^ were consider-
ably the best plants received at Pasadena,
Texas, this season. I could have bought
plants from $0.70 to $1.00 per 1,000 cheaper,
but am now shaking hands with myself that
I bought of Townsend.
T. A. DUFFIELD, Mgr.
Griffin, Fla., March 7, 1913.
Plants came in fine shape. Could not be
better. They were Avell graded, strong,
healthy looking and all living fine.
T. A. RODGERS.
Sydney, Fla., April 3, 1913.
Dear Sir: Enclosed find M. O. for plants.
My neighbor bought plants from another
nursery and after they were set they showed
disease. Seeing the plants I purchased from
you, which are doing fine, he asked me to
send you an order for him. I hope you will
be able to fill same promptly, as your plants
are the best that come here.
W. F. ROSS.
Millington, Md., April 2, 1913.
Dear Sir: Plants received in fine condi-
tion, and are nice, strong, healthy plants.
D. JAMES HALL.
Durant, Fla., March 13.
Dear Sir: Plants expressed to Mrs. Scruggs
are strictly fine. I am well pleased.
Knights, Fla., March 13.
Plants arrived in fine condition. Fine
plants. J. COLLINS.
Green Cove Springs, Fla., March 13, 1913.
Dear Sir: The plants I bought from you
last season proved so fine I am sending you
another order for your offering "E."
Plant City. Fla., April 14, 1913.
Mr. E. W. Townsend.
Dear Sir: Enclosed find M. O for plants.
I was going to grow plants from my own
beds, but after seeing your plants growing
at a friend's, concluded that it would pay
me to' order from you, as his are the finest
strawberries I have ever seen.
D. I. WHITTING.
Polk County, Fla.
E. W. Townsend.
Dear Sir: Enclosed find check for more
plants. You certainly are furnishing me
with fine stock. Yours very truly,
FRED B. ROBINSON.
Mr. Townsend: Your Missionary plants
cannot be beat in this state. I was the
first man to grow them here. They seem
to get better all the time. W. D. HARP.
Stark, Fla., March 17.
I received the plants from you several
weeks ago in good condition, and set them
out. Have not lost one of them out of
I please over 99 per cent
of my customers every
year. I believe I can
Table of Contents
Asparagus Roots 19
Barry more 14
Beginning of 20th Century Ideas 1
Black Beauty 18
Brandy wine 18
California Privet 19
Cantaloupe Seed 22
Collection Department 21-22
Cucumber Seed 22
Dewberry Plants 19
Dew Drop 17
Early Ozark 11
Early Queen 8
Evening Star 14
First Prize 8
Giant Hybrids 16
Glen Mary 13
Golden Gate 12
Governor Van Sant 18
Governor Fort 14
Governor Rollins 14
Heflin Early 10
Helen Davis 9
Home of E. W. Townsend 1
How to Select Plants 25
ImprOAT^ed Marshall —.... 13
Imp. Lady Thompson 9
Joe Johnson 7
King Autumn 16
Lady Townsend 6
Mammoth Beauty 13
Maryland Prize 17
Michael's Early 11
New York 1 2
New Superior 10
Nick Ohmer 18
Number of Plants Required to Set One
Oaks Early 6
Order Sheets 31-32
Our Seed Department 22
Parker Earle 18
Parson's Beauty 13
Paul Jones 13
Perpetual Motion 16
Preparing for Second Crop 25
Preparing the Soil 2
Price List of Everbearing Varieties 19
Price List of Townsend's Thoroughbred
Strawberry Plants 20
Proper Pollination 3
Saltzer's Late Mastodon 18
Satisfied Customers 27-29
Seed Corn 23
Selecting a Site 25
Selection of Plants 2
Senator Dunlap 10
Special Offer 4
Splendid 1 i
Stevens' Late Champion 18
St. Louis 11
Tennessee Prolific 9^
The New Race of Strawberries 15-18
Townsend's Missionary 6
Uncle Sam 6
Uncle Jim 14
Valuable Information 3-5
Watermelon Seed 23
Wilkin's Early -11
Wm. Belt 12
W. W. W 14
PLEASE USE THIS ORDER SHEET
VARIETY OF PT,A>fTS ORDERED
TRUE TO NA3IE. While I use every precaution to have all plants, etc., true to name (I believe we come as ne&r
doing this as any one in the business), I will not be responsible for any sum greater than the cost of the stock
should any prove otherwise than as represented
Please write below the names and addresses of any acquaintances or friends who might be
interested in, or btjyers of, strawberry or other small-fruit plants
PLEASE USE THIS ORDER SHEET
E. W. TOWNSEND
Strawberry Specialist SALISBURY, MARYLAND
Please forward tc
Postoffice - - P-
Freight Station 1
Ship by On or about 19141
state here how to forward
Date of Order 1914!
Please write name and address plainly, and fill all blanks perfectly. Always state how goods shall be sent, attach i|
price to each article and add up accurately. Make all letters short and to the point, and please do not write letters.!
on the same sheet with the order. |
VARIETY OF PLANTS ORDERED
Have you tested the Fall-Bearing varieties?
Yes or No
Are you an old or new customer?
Early in the season I usi
run out of some of the v
equally good and as neai
return your money for ai
lally have in stock everything listed in this catalogue, but late in the season I frequently
arieties; therefore, when you order late, please state whether I shall substitute something
' like the variety ordered as possible, or
ly stock that I may be out nf. Answer - - — - - —
Growing Dew-Berry Plants is One
of My Specialties
I have every year a large field of these berries grown for my trade.
The plants are tipped in the month of August and by November 1st are
well rooted. Next to the Strawberry the Dewberry comes. The illustra-
tion below shows a field staked in proper shape: the field was in full
l)loom when photograph was taken.
Lncretia and Austin are the two leading varieties, and are the only
varieties grown bj' me.
Prices — .$1 per 100 plants, $0 per 1.000: 5.000 plants for $25. Less than
1.0000 lots at 100 rate.
' ' ■ „1
BHBfchmi *^ ^ ar
'-^ *^' ^:^,^MBBM[int
-'•>; " " " '
Blf- ji f " '
nf^ijK. »• .i^t.^Tgai
. ■-'ir*^^'-' -^S^
^" - - *i^^BN?iil
Finiitf ii ML-
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A field of Uncle Sam, my favorite of the extra early sorts.
Should be grown by every grower everywhere.
Photo showing a section of a row of RING AUTUMN (Everbearing Strawberries).
Plants set May 1st, 1913, photographed September 2!)th, 1913. Note the
young layer plants loaded with fruit and blossoms.